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BEIJING,July23(Xinhua)--ByfosteringethnicunityandforgingastrongsenseofcommunityfortheChinesenation,peopleofall56ethnicgroups,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC),,aunifiedmultiethniccountry,istheresultofcollectiveeffortsbythepeopleofallethnicgroups,ongcourseofhistoricalevolution,developedinterdependently,andstoodtogetherinwealandwoe,formingthemodern,sRepublicofChina,particularlysincethebeginningofreformandopeningupin1978,,communicationandintegrationofvariousethnicgrosspecificrealities,theCPChasformulatedsoundandeffectiveethnictheoriesandpolicies,characterizedbyethnicequalityandunity,regionalethnicautonomy,,,allthe56ethnicgroupshaveshakenoffabssgovernancesystemisupholdingequalityamongallethnicgroups,thus,creatingastrongsenseofcommunityfosXinjiangUygurAutonomousRegion,forexample,peoplehaveaccomplishedhistoricdevelopmentachievements,andtheirsenseofprogress,,peopleofallethnicgroupsintheautonomousregion,closelyunitedliketheseedsofapomegranatethatsticktogether,areendeavoringtobuildXinjiangintoabeautifulplacethatisunited,harmoniousandprosperous,featuringprogressiveculture,pleasantlivingconditions,ure,therejuvenationoftheChinesenationisinevitable.

Whenpresidingoverthe39thgroupstudysessionofthePoliticalBureauoftheCPCCentralCommittee,XiJinping,generalsecretaryoftheCPCCentralCommittee,stressedthatChina’sfinetraditionalculturerepresentsthewisdomandessenceofChinesecivilization,istherootandsouloftheChinesenation,andservesasthefoun,animportantpartoffinetraditionalChineseculture,,authorsofChineseges,aswellasaccuratelyreflectpeople’ssufferings,struggles,ideals,eritageofChinesecivilization,reservedandintrospective,strongandoptimistic,well-grounded,’snovelTheMandatedepictsasoldieranxiouslyreturninghomeinintervalsbetweenyearsofwars,,theverymomentheopensthedoor,therehiswifeis,,,hiswifesays“you…”andturnsaway,,thejoysandsorrowsofordinarypeopleareallcondensedinthisoneword“you.”(756-763),,DuFuwasfinallyabletovisitthem,,andsurvivalwasaluxuryoraccidental.“Mywifeandchildren,amazedtoseemealive,recoverfromtheirastonishment,wipeawaytears.”Inthedeadofnight,theoldcouplewhohadsufferedfromhardshipsforsomanyyears,holdinghands,andlookingateachotherwithtearsintheireyes,stillfeltlikeitwasadream.“Asnightdeepens,webringoutcandles,faceoneanotherasthoughinadream.”WhatdeepfeelingsarehiddeninthosesimplewordsIsn’tthisavividreflectionofoursubtleandreservednationalcharacterInChinesestoriesandlegends,webelieve“onegoodturndeservesanother.”Evenifthemotifisdeath,wingtragedyofthedeathofLiuLanzhiandJiaoZhongqing:thecemeteryiscoveredbythethickshadeofpine,cypress,andpaulowniatrees,andapairofmandarinduckssingtoeachotherbeneaththevelvetyfoliage,seeminglytransformedbythetwospirits,symbolizingtheirundyinglove,earts,nobleemotions,andunyieldingcharacteroftheChinesepeople,,theiridentificationwithnationalunity,andtheirexpectationofnationalstrength,despitethevicissitudesoflifethey’,andstrongandoptimisticnationalspirit,originatefromourtraditionofritualcivilization,whichfeaturestheunityofknowledgeandaction,theunityoffamilyandnation,benevolence,anemphasisonpeople’slives,respectforjusticeandintegrity,righteousness,(BookofChanges):“Welookattheornamentalfiguresofthesky,cessesoftransformationareallaccomplishedunderheaven.”Here,theword“transformation”,[aninclusiveconceptwhichcontainscultureandliterature].TheessenceofChinesehumanismemphasizestheharmoniouscoexistence,andthecompleteunityoftruth,goodness,,itiseasytofindthatourculturevaluespersonalcultivation,emphasizesresponsibility,promotesthespiritofdedication,,,“’sfather,andtheremoteroneofservingone’sprince.”,thespiritualqualitiesofChinesecivilizationinternalizeournationalspiritualwillandnationalculturalphilosophy,,insociety,andinnature,andhelpspromoteexchangesandmutuallearningamongcivilizations,toinjectChinesewisdomintotheconstructionofacommunitywithasharedfutureformankind.“Wen,orpattern,isverygreatindeed.”LiuYuejinisaCASSMember.

Adharmadebateforthe2022GesheLharampadegreeofTibetanBuddhismisconductedattheJokhangTempleinLhasa,Tibet,onApril2,2022.[PhotobyPaldenNyima/]Adharmadebate,arequirementforthe2022GesheLharampadegreeofTibetanBuddhism,wasconductedattheJokhangTempleofLhasa,,whichmeans"intellectual"intheTibetanlanguage,representsthehionrsinculturalcourses,includinggrammar,poetry,e,LosangDadrakofSeraMonastery,,rsinculturalcourses,includinggrammar,poetry,e,LosangDadrakofSeraMonastery,,,executivevice-presidentoftheTibetbranchoftheBuddhistAssociationofChina,andheadoftheTibetCollegeofBuddhism,gaveacongratulatoryspeechandpresentedcertificatestothewinners."Tibetseescontinuoussocialandeconomicdevelopmentinrecentyears,whichcreatesagoodenvironmentforthemonksinwhichtheycanfocusontheirdharmalearningandmeditation,"saidDrubkhangTubtanKhaidrub.

Therearemanycommunityworkerpositionsalreadyavailabletocollegegraduates,andnewjobseekersarebeingencouragedtotakeuppositionsatthegrassrootslevel,,aseniorofficialattheministry,toldanewsconferenceonTuesdaythatsuchmovesaimtoensuretheemploymentrat,82,000full-timepositionsinurbancommunitieshavebeenmadeavailabletocollegegraduates,ofwhich25,000postsareexclusivelyforthem."Employmentisanimportantguaranteeforsocialstabilityandmustbetakengoodcareof,"tsgraduatedthisyear,andthatCOVID-19andothe,theministryalongwiththeministriesofeducation,finance,andhumanresourcesandsocialsecurityjointlyissuedanoticeonarrangrovideelderlycare,childcare,housekeepingandotherservicesinthecommunitycangetaone-timebusinesssubsidy,guaranteedloansandtaxincentives."Acommunityisahavenforpeopletorest,ahometoliveinandthebasicunitofsocialgovernance…Acommunitycanbeanewworldforyoungpeopletofindacareer,",peopleundertheageof35accountfor35percent,,localgovernmentsshouldtrytohave18communityworkersforevery10,000urbanpermanentresidentsbytheendofthe14thFive-YearPlan(2021-25)periodandreplenishtheteaminatimelymanner,,wheresituationspermit,tohirefreshgraduatestoservethere."Wesincerelyhopethatthemajorityofyoungpeoplecandevotethemselvestocommunityconstruction,tempertheirskills,increasetheirtalentsandrealizetheirvalue,"Chensaid.

Over100expertsandscholarsfromsuchresearchinstitutionsasCASS,PekingUniversity,EastChinaNormalUniversityandSichuanUniversityheldanin-depthdiscussionon"WorldReligionsAmidtheCOVID-19Pandemic"atthe"FirstHotTopicsinWorldReligionsResearchForum"gionsa,directoroftheInstituteofWorldReligions,saidthattheCOVID-19pandemichasfullytestedvarioussocialgovernancemodelsofdifferentcountriesaroundtheworld,,religiousactivityindifferentcountrieshasintensifiedwiththeemergenceofdifferentreligiousresponses,,weshouldparticipateinglobalreligiousgovernanceinvariousways,jointlyconfronttherealchallengesofglobalrisksandgraduallyformapreventionandcontrolmechanismforgoverningglobalreligiousrisks,D-19pandemic,participatingscholarsdiscussedtheimpactthepandemichashadonreligions,thewaysreligionshaveresponded,therelationsbetweenreligionsandepidemicsfromhistoricalandcomparativeperspectives,andnewtrendsinthestudyofreligion.

Awebinarondigitalhumanitiestechnologyandhumanitiesrese,aprofessorfromtheSchoolofHumanitiesatZhejiangUniversity,enumerateddigitaltechnologyanalysistools,includingcrowdsourcingtechnology,mappingtechnology,textprocessingtechnology,imagetechnology,cloudtechnology,AItechnology,dataprocessingtechnology,ownobviouspracticalvalue,suchassortingaccordingtophoneticsequencesandstrokes,batchconvertingthetraditionalChinesechronologicalsystemstotheGregorianCalendarandverifyingtheconversion’saccuracy,processingoldandnewcharacterpatternsandtraditionalandsimplifiedChinesecharacters,,alecturerfromtheCollegeofLiberalArtsatAnhuiUniversity,referredtothefunctionofimageandfull-textdigitizationincompilingscattereddocumentsaboutTangGao,whowasrankedfirstclassinanimperialcourtexaminationintheMingDynasty(1368–1644).TangChenretrievedthewidelydispersedTangGao-relatedliteraturefromadatabaseofbasicancientChinesebooks,atreasuryoftraditionalChineselearning,,heaccumulatedTaoGao’,anassociateprofessorfromtheSchoolofHumanitiesatChinaUniversityofPoliticalScienceandLaw,saidthatinthisprocess,researchisnolongeracompletelyindividualexistence,,aprofessorfromtheSchoolofHistoryandCultureatLuoyangNormalUniversity,isengagedintheteachingandresearchofthehistoryofsinology,thehistoryoftheQingDynasty(1644–1911),thehistoryofChina-foreignculturalexchanges,’sview,digitalresourcesareconducivetounderstandingacademictrendsandhistorymorequickly,andmoreconvenientdatacollectionandcompilation,suchasfasterandmoreaccuratetextualresearchofsinologists’orscholars’lives,interpersonalrelations,,TangChenmentionedtheconceptof“distantreading.”AsItalianliterarytheoristFrancoMorettipointedout,traditional“closereading”approachesveryfewtextswithextremeseriousness;assuch,,“distantreading”isamust,whichcanfocusonunitsmuchsmallerorlargerthanthetext,suchasphrasesandliterarygenrerecognition,sentencesandstyle,“distantreading”indigitalhumanities,,,aprofessorfromtheSchoolofHumanitiesatTsinghuaUniversity,andYinXiaolin,aresearchfellowfromtheResearchCenterofChinesePoetryatCapitalNormalUniversity,drewinterestingconclusionsastheyusedthestatisticsofcharacterfrequencyandphrasefrequencytoconfirmtheconceptualtopicsof“thedivisionofarticlesintoverseandprose”and“thedistinctionsbetweenTang(618–907)andSong(960–1279)poems.”Forexample,“曰”[tospeakortell,acharacterbelongingtoclassicalwritingstyles],whichappearsfrequentlyinRomanceoftheThreeKingdomsandStrangeStoriesfromaChineseStudio,isreplacedby“道”,functionwordssuchas“了”and“的”,SunMaosong,aprofessorfromtheDepartmentofComputerScienceandTechnologyatTsinghuaUniversity,andhisteamreleased“Jiuge,”anartificialintelligencepoetrywritingsystem,ogyus,academiaispayinggrowingatt’s“innovationteamofbigdataandacademicmaps”andtheestablishmentofthe“AcademicMapPublishingPlatform.”TangChenandhisteamjointlydevelopedKuizhanggeasanavigationsystemforCetrendintheeraofbigdata,,whetheritisthedigitizationofpaperdocuments,orthestructuralizationandintellectualizationoftextdata,,theconstructionofdigitalinfrastructureandbigdataisrequiredtolayasoliddisciplinaryfoundation.

Asaglobalissue,,thehigh-carbongrowthmodel—basedonfossilenergy—hasgreatlychangedtweenhumanproductionandtheclimate,itiswidelyacceptedasaglobalconsensusthathumansneedtotaketheiniti“dualcarbon”(carbonpeakingandcarbonneutrality)goalssetbyChinademonstrates,however,determinedbythecountry’snaturalenvironment,,theextenttowhichChinaisaffectedbyclimatechanges,especiallyextremeweather,,℃every10yearsonaverage,,extremeweatherandclimateeventssuchashightemperatures,heatwaves,cryogenicfreezing,drought,heavyprecipitation,flood,typhoon,’sfoodsecurity,ecologicalenvironment,majorprojectimplementation,,hygiene,health,andothersectors.“Dualcarbon”goalsnotonlyconcerneconomicdevelopment,,fossilenergyaccountsforarelativelyhighproportioninChina’senergystructure,andoilandnaturalgas’,itiscrucialthatweoptimizetheenergystructureandaccelerateanandnaturecanonlybeachievedifwepurs,morethan50countrieshavereachedthepeakofcarbonemissions,,economicgrowthandcarbonemissionscanbedecoupled,,,carbonemissionscannolongerinc,carbonpeakingsymbolizesthetransitionfromolddrivingforcestonewones,and,unwaveringeffortsareneeded,,itmeansfosteringgreentransformationwhiledevelopingth,toachievethe“dualcarbon”goals,thekeyistograduallyreplaceoldtraditionaltechnologywithneogicalcivilization,andfromaneraoffossilenergytoaneraofnewenergy,the“doublecarbon”,aslongasweraisetheproportionoflow-carbonandzero-carbonenergy,andutilizeadvantagesinsuchsectorsasphotovoltaicpowergeneration,new-energyvehicles,anddigitaltechnology,wecanseizetheopportunitytoaccomalKnowledgeonDevelopmentaffiliatedwiththeDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil.

:ZhuGaolei/CSSTUnderthetheme“StrategicOptimizationofNew-TypeUrbanization:Smart,Ecological,andHumanistic,”the2021annua,urbanplanning,urbangovernance,industrialsystems,andgreendevelopmentintheprocessofChina’’sconferencewasjointlyhostedbytheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences(CASS),theChineseAcademyofSciences(CAS),andtheChineseAcademyofEngineering(CAE).CASSPresidentXieFuzhanpointedoutthaturbanizationisthenecessarypathtomodernization.“Itisnecessarytodeeplyunderstandthelawofurbanizationdevelopmentinourcountry,optimizethestrategyfornew-typeurbanization,andpromotethehigh-qualitydevelopmentofurbanization,”,medium-sized,,safer,chnologyinthefieldsoflifesciences,informationtechnology,andartificialintelligencehasnotonlygreatlycontributedtosocialprogress,butalsobroughtaboutsuchissuesasscientificandtechnologicalethics,,theCOVID-19pandemicsweepingtheworldhasmadeusmoredeeplyawarethattheprocessofurbandevelopmentandprogressisalsoaprocessofcopingwithunpredictablepotentialrisksandchallenges.“Thiskindofseriouschallengefacingallmankindhasbecomethetouchstoneofscienceandtechnology,allowingustoseeboththepowerandthelimitationsofscienceandtechnology,”civilizationdevelopment,,suchasbigdataandcloudcomputing,toestablishavisualandmeasurablecitymanagementandoperationsystemonthebasisofcomprehensivedigitizationofthecity,,itshouldberecognizedthatthecoredrivingforceforthetransformationandupgradingoftheurbande,Linotedthatthehumanisticcity,humanisticgovernance,,chiefexpertoftheCASSNationalHigh-EndThinkTank,saidthatanewtypeofpeople-orientedurbanizationcanincreasegrowthpotentialbyincreasingnon-agriculturallabor,andboostconsumptiondemandbyincreasingtheregisteredurbanpopulation,therebyhelpingmaintainrableincomeinthetotaldisposableincomeofthewholesociety,,itcanenhanceresidents’incomeandwealth,andpromoteequitableaccesstobasicpublicservicesthroughtertiarydistribution,tyandexpandmiddle-incomegroups.“Itcanbesaidthatthenew-typeurbanizationisarewardingreformandanimportantwayforhigh-qualitydevelopmenttopromotecommonprosperity,”Caiconcluded.

Digitaonandprogressofhumanitiesandsocialscienceresearchbytransformingitsknowledgebase,methodology,,discreteinformationandtheseparationoftimeandspaceh,digitaltechnologywillchangethemethodsforsearchingandretrievingancientliterarymaterials,saidWangZhaopeng,directoroftheDigitalHumanitiesRtuality,reconstructthehistoricalsceneofancientliterature,andproviizepoets’livesintheTang(618–907)andSong(960–1279),loggingontothemap’splatform,onecanfollowSong-poetSuShi’ssteps,seehisvigorousworks,andalsoempathizewithhiscreationof“FirstOdeontheRedCliff”[inpresent-dayHenanProvince]andonewi,wemay,however,wecanunderstandthetrajectoriesofallwriters’activitiesatacertaintimeoroveraperiodoftime,trainonthetrackofthenewera,the“DigitalDunhuang”,30classiccavesand4,430squaremetersofbeautifulmur,andevengetamorestunningan,italsogreatlyreducesthedamagetothemuralscausedbybodyheat,airflow,ourcesaccumulatedbytheDunhuangCulturalHeritageDigitalProjecthaveprovidedagoodfoundationfortheprotection,research,,WuhanUniversityandtheDunhuangAcademyhaveworkedtogethertoexploretheconstructionofDunhuang’sintelligentdataresources,,executivevicepresidentofWuhanUniversity’sBigDataResearchInstitute,saidthattheriseoftheconceptsofintelligentdataandintelligentcomputinghasprovidedthepossibilitytotransformandboostDunhuang’sculturalheritageinacreativeway.“Withtheemergenceandaccumulationofmassivedigitalresources,thescopeofhumanculturalheritageisexpandingandnewhumanitiesacademicissuesareraised,suchasdigitalheritageanddigitalmemory,”es,theapplicationofvariousnewresearchmethodologyandapproaches,suchastextmining,socialnetworkanalysis,affectivecomputing,anddigitalsimulationrecoveryanalysis,haschangedhumanitiesscholars’,aneditorialboardmemberoftheJournalofDigitalHumanities,,usingalgorithmstodistinguishthetwonarrativeformsof“showing”and“telling.”Itsconclusionisthatthenarrativerhythmofmainstreamliteraturetendstobefasterthanthatofsciencefiction,,race,andAmericanpost-,000contemporaryAmericannovels,thearticlefoundthatthenovelswrittenbywhitemale,newresearchmodels,andnewideasprovidedbybigdataanddigitalprocessingtechnologyforhumanitiesandsocialscienceresearch,LiJinhua,aresearchfellowfromtheInstituteofQuantitativeandTechnologicalEconomicsattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences,proposedthattheapplicationofdigitaltechnologyi,emotions,concepts,spirit,andvalues,,warmth,,seriousness,andbrillianceofhumanityinthehumanitiesandsocialsciencesshouldbemaintained,andthecoordinationofthescientificandcriticalnatureofhumanitiesandsocialsciencesshouldbepromoted.“Dataandtechnologyareultimatelytools,,researchinthehumanitiesandsocialsciencesmustalwaysadheretotheoriginalintentionof‘innovatingideasandviewpoints,’prioritizingproducinggreatideasandmasters,”saidTaoXidong,aresearchfellowfromtheInstituteofSociologyattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences.

Theorigin,formation,anddevelopmentof,formation,anddevelopmentpathofChinesecivilizationaresignificanttopicsnotonlyinthestudyofancientChinesehistory,hinesecivilizationisam,about400expertsmajoringinnearly20disciplinesfrommorethelargestscale,,300yearsago,thevastarea[withinChina],includingtheYangtzeRiver,theYellowRiver,andtheWestLiaoRiverbasins,,thoseregionsformeda“Chineseinteractionsphere”[amodeladoptedbytheChinesearchaeologistKwang-chihChang(1931–2001),alsoaprofessoratHarvardUniversity,todescribethecloserelationshipamongdifferentregionalculturesinChinathatdevelopedinthefourthmillenniumBCE]characterizedby“pluralityandunity,”,includingLiangzhu,Lingjiatan,Niuheliang,Shijiahe,Shimao,Taosi,andErlitou,haveprovedthatChinesecivilizationhasmorethan5,,thestudyoftheoriginsofChinesecivilizationistheepitomeofChina’,includingthoserelatedtotheoriginsofcivilization,areChina’svaluableculturalheritage,andshouldbewellprotected,managed,ecivilization,thispapermakesseveralsuggestionsonhowtoadvancetherelevantwork[ofculturalheritageprotection]duringthe“14thFive-YearPlan”(hereinafterreferredtoasthePlan)hods,edthat“thecentrallinkincivilizedsocietyisthestate,”andhasviewedtheemerg,thisprojectdrawsconclusionsonthekeycharacteristicsofevaluatingasociety’sentryintocivilizationintheabsenceofthediscoveryofwrittenmaterials,andhasmadepositive,itisoffar-reachingsignificancetosticktothecorrectresearchorientation,methods,andmultidisciplinaryefforts,whiledoingagoodjobinprotectingChineseculturalheritage,,includingthoserelatedtotheoriginsofcivilization,,Erlitou,andYinxuhavesufferedfromdamagetovaryingdegrees,,itisnecessarytostrengthenpeople’sreverenceforhistoricalrelicsandnurturetheawaingculturalrelicsandeconomicandsocialdevelopment,toseverelycrackdownontherobberyanddestructionofculturalrelics,andstrictlyprohibitmarketcirculationandcollectionofculturalrelicsunearthedbylootersandartifactsstolenfrommuseums,nsofLiangzhuCity[inHangzhou,Zhejiangprovince]project’ions[inthefieldofarchaeology,culture,andhistory].Whilestrengtheningarchaeologicalwork,Shaanxiauthoritiesfocusontheprotectionofculturalheritage,establishingnewinstitutionsandimplementingeffectivemanagement,wlicity[ofculturalheritageprotection]invariousforms,,xhibitionsinmanyplaces,withnewarchaeologicaldiscoveriesasthemaincontent,logicalsiteparkshavepromotedpublicunderstandingofXiacultureresearchwiththelatest[archaeological]findings,makinracetheoriginsofChinesecivilizationshallbeenteredintoteachingmaterials,soastostrengthenculturalself-confidenceandenhancetheyoungergenerations’,enhancepeople’sidentificationwithChinaandthecohesiveforceoftheChinesenation,andprovideasenseofbelongingfortheChinesenationthroughnationalarchaeologicalsiteparks,exhibitions,documentaries,shortvideos,,CASS.

SincetheCOVID-19outbreak,theroleofjournalis,manydefinitionswereofferedfortheterm“news.”InChina,,whoisknownasthefatheroftheChinesepress,saidthatnewsreferstolatestfactsnoticedbymostreaders;LuDingyi,founderofChineseproletarianjournalism,arguedthatnewsdenotesreportsoffactswhichoccurredrecently;andFanChangjiang,apioneerofChinesejournalism,definednewsasimportantfactsthatthebroadmasseswanttoknow,shouldknow,anddon’,asmodernWesternjournalismwasgeneratedinbusinessactivities,,inthe1970s,JohnBogart,theneditorialdirectorofNewYork-basednewspaperTheSun,famouslysaid,“Whenadogbitesamanthatisnotnews,butwhenamanbitesadogthatisnews.”MostdefinitionsofnewsintheWesternpressarecloselyrelatedtointerestingness,novelty,,ture,“awebofmeaning”thatpeoplecreatethroughsym,itwillbenotdifficulttodiscoverso-called“facts”,,thebasicmodesofhumanculturalmemoryandverificationinclude“listening”(oralevidence),“seeing”(pictorialevidenceorrealevidence),and“writing”(documentaryevidence).Thethreetypesofevidenceare,inessence,,theyareinterrelatedandhelpexpress“factumprobandum,”orthepossible“truth.”AccordingtoCharlesSandersPeirce,oneofthefoundersofsemiotics,semioticsisatriadicmodelwhichdescribestherelationshipbetweenthesign/representatumthatrepresentssomething,theobject,whichitstandsfororrepresents,andtheinterpretant,,orinterpretants,toexplainfacts,evidentialsymbols(representatums)toreportthefacts(objects),—,incoverageofinternationalevents,ChineseandWesternpressmustdifferinreportingthesamesignificant“fact.”Somemediaoutletsstressthepeculiarityofthefact,someunderlineitsimportance,,everyf,particularlylinguisticandtextualsymbols,,eachfacthasabeginningandanend,isfleeting,,renownedsemioticianHenryYi-hengZhaonoted,factsthatarenotsymbolized,coded,andsignified,,thereisunavoidablytheissueofthecorrelationbetweenfacts(objects)andsymbols(representatums).MengHua,aprofessorofsemioticsattheOceanUniversityofChina,classifiedfactsintooriginalfacts,whichareineffable,initial,andunprocessed,,,theinformationreportedistechnicallysymbolized,,,ornotdeciphered,interpreted,andunderstooddespitesomesigns,,,,inparticular,’sopinion,oncewetheoreticallyshelveoriginalfacts,whatwepayattentiontoarenolongeroriginalfactsbehindevidentialsymbols,,,newsapproachesoriginalfactsthroughthecodedfactssignifiedbyevidentialsymbols.“Talkingwithfacts,”asweoftenhear,isactually,,itisvitaltoexaminethedegreeofcorrelationbetweenoriginalfactsandcodedfacts,aswellastheextent,itpracticallymeansrelatedevidentialsymbols,elementsofthenews,arehighlycomplementarywitheachother,makingoriginalfactsandcodedfactsstronglycorrelated,andthewholenewsnarrativediscourse—manifestedbyevidentialsymbols—,,inthesemioticevidencetheory,mea,thesymbolicnatureofevidenceforclarifyingjournalistictruth.‘Truth’innewmediaageWhenreportingnews,interviewsconductedbyjournalistswillproduceoralevidence;throughobservationandphotography,theycreaterealevidenceorpictorialevidence;bol,,wewillwarilyquestion:“isthefactinthenewsreportreallytheabsentfact[originalfact]”Admittedly,facticityistheprimaryfeatureofnews,,,,however,whatmanynewsreportsunfoldarenomoreth,newsreportscanonlyapproximateoriginalfacts,,,butt,questioningandpursuingjournalistictruthisparticularlyimportant,necessary,,aresearchfellowfromtheInstituteofJournalismandCommunicationattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences,pointedoutthatnewsnarr,everyoneinthenewmediaeracanbeananchor,ashortvideodirector,(withnewmedialanguageastheagent)areamixedlot,sothesymbolsproduntialsy,newsisproducedbyprofessionaljournalistsandprofessionaleditorswhoplaythegatekeepingrole,imposingfewrequirementsonthepublic’,,intheuncertaininternationalsituation,howtheaudiencecantellwhethervarie’smedialiteracy,itisespeciallyurgentunicationatSichuanInternationalStudiesUniversity.

InhisspeechdeliveredattheLeadersSummitonClimateonApril22thisyear,ChinesePresidentXiJinpingpointedoutthattheintern,andworktogethertofosteracommunityoflifeformanandnature,,theconceptofacommunityoflifeformanandnatureclearlydirectsacooperativepathforcountriemeanimportantpr,impactedbymultiplefactors,,asseriousimbalanceexistsbetweendevelopedcountriesanddevelopingc,developedcountrieslackinitiativetoparticipateinglobalenvironmentalgovernance,evadingtheirduehistoricalresponsibilitywhileaskingdevelopingco’dualburdensineconomicandenvironmentalsectors,globalenvironmentalgovernancemechanismsrequiredevelopedcountr,internation,theinternationalcommunityhassetupaseriesofenvironmentalprotectionorganizationsandformulateddozen,thebindingeffectsoforganizationsandtreatiesaredisregardedbysomedevelopedcountries,whichsoexistenceofmanandnature,whichadvocatesfortheinternationalco,economic,,countriesshouldrespecteachother’sdevelopmentmodesandsocialsystems,expandingconsensyofChina(CPC),Chinahasmaderemarkable,globallycelebrated,edguidingprinc,eachcountrycanchoosethemodethatfitstheundaries,asmodernscienceandtechnologydevelop,no,Chinash,2020,ChinesePresidentXiJinpingannouncedinthe75thSessionoftheUnitedNationsGeneralAssemblythatChinaaimstohav,whichaddressesstructuralimbalances,differeuntries,foralongtime,,onewayfortheinternationalcommunitytoaddressthisproblemistoimprovetheglobalenvironmentalgovernancesystemandcoordinatedifferencesbetweeninterestsandresourceallocationbysystematicallyenhancingeachcountry’scomprehensivegovernancecapabilities,andtheotherwayistourgedevelopedcountriestotakedevelopingcountries’rationalcon,developedcountriesshouldoffernecessaryaidandguidanceto,globalenvironmentalgovernancemechanismsshouldbemademorebinding,andgovernancesystemsshouldbedirectedinamorerationalandjustifiablewaybydeepeningtheconsensuson“commonbutdifferentiatedresponsibility.”Theeffectofinternationaltreatiessuchast,itisnecessarytoformulateafeasibleandpracticalresponsibilityallocationsystemtobreakmonopolypatterlRelationsandNationalAcademyofDevelopmentandStrategyatRenminUniversityofChina.

BEIJING,July23(Xinhua)--ByfosteringethnicunityandforgingastrongsenseofcommunityfortheChinesenation,peopleofall56ethnicgroups,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC),,aunifiedmultiethniccountry,istheresultofcollectiveeffortsbythepeopleofallethnicgroups,ongcourseofhistoricalevolution,developedinterdependently,andstoodtogetherinwealandwoe,formingthemodern,sRepublicofChina,particularlysincethebeginningofreformandopeningupin1978,,communicationandintegrationofvariousethnicgrosspecificrealities,theCPChasformulatedsoundandeffectiveethnictheoriesandpolicies,characterizedbyethnicequalityandunity,regionalethnicautonomy,,,allthe56ethnicgroupshaveshakenoffabssgovernancesystemisupholdingequalityamongallethnicgroups,thus,creatingastrongsenseofcommunityfosXinjiangUygurAutonomousRegion,forexample,peoplehaveaccomplishedhistoricdevelopmentachievements,andtheirsenseofprogress,,peopleofallethnicgroupsintheautonomousregion,closelyunitedliketheseedsofapomegranatethatsticktogether,areendeavoringtobuildXinjiangintoabeautifulplacethatisunited,harmoniousandprosperous,featuringprogressiveculture,pleasantlivingconditions,ure,therejuvenationoftheChinesenationisinevitable.

BEIJING,ofChinaCentralCommitteeanditsdecisiononmajorreformshaveoutlinedtheblueprintforChina"majorissuesconcerningcomprehensivelydeepeningreforms",butalsofortheglobaleconomy,ChengLi,directorofresearchoftheJohnThorntonChinaCenteroftheBrookingsInstitution,toldXinhuainarecentinterview."...(thedecisions)cannotonlyupliftpublicconfidencethroughneweconomicopportunitiesandnewsourcesforgrowth,butalsounderminecriticismandfearthateconomicreformswillnotgofarwithoutotherreforms,",seniorresearcherwithWashington-basedthinktankCarnegieEndowmentforInternationalPeace,saidinacommentarypieceonFinancialTimesthat"Chinasfutureliesasmuchinmaintainingpoliticalstabilityasinsusainingrapidgrowth.""Fiscalreformsandreduceddy-intensiveindustriesandhelpmitigateenvironmentaldegradation,""ChineseDream."Thekeyconcernsoftheplenumare:breakingstatemonopolies,reforminglandrightsandinterveninglessinthemarkettoreleasemorevigorintheeconomy,saidAlexeiMaslov,headofSchoolofOhallengesinChinasreforms:howtoovercomethosevestedinterests,howtosequencethesereformsandwhatthespeedisgoingtobeChheangVannarith,lecturerofAsiaPacificStudiesattheUniversityofLeeds,applaudedChinasdecisiontoopenupthebankingsectorbya(SMEs)arethefoundationoftheeconomy,andfinancingisoneofthekeyissuesfacingthem."ChinaneedsalsotoassisttheSMEstobepartofthenationalandinternationalproductionnetworkdrivenbyChinesemultinationalcorporations,""itsaveryencouragingturnofevent,whichemphasizesChinasconstructiveleadingroleinthefareastbutalsointernationalaffairsgenerally.""Wehavetostrivetoinfuseincreasinglysignificantstrategiccontentintoourrelationship,"hesaid,addingthatthekeyisworkingtogetheronissuesthatgobeyondthescopeofeconomicties."Ireallyappreciatedthedecisionsoftheplenumthatoutlineacommitmentonthemarketandonthegreeneconomyaswellasontheabilitytohandlecompetitionwithapositiveperspective,"MilanMayorGiulianoPisapiasaidinaninterviewwithXinhua,adding"whichmeansforexampleavoidingsituationsofmonopoly,thatarealwaysnegative.""Simplificationandde-bureaucratizationareeffortsthatwearealldoingbutonlyfewhavemanagedtomakeinapositivewayandwiththeabilitytoextendittoawiderterritory,"development,butalsoprovidesapossiblesolutiontoglobalproblemssuchasmaintainingworldpeaceandstability,eradicatingpovertyandprotectingtheenvironment,ChairmanoftheBysexpectationofthecreationofasuccessfulsocietymodel,whichcanbeanexampleofsustainabledevelopment,hesaid.

,2020,ChinesePresidentXiJinpingannouncedatthegeneraldebateofthe75thsessionoftheUNGeneralAssemblyviavideothatChinaaimstobringcarbonemissionstoapeakby2030,anda,China’s“twocarbon”,globalleadersmadeacommitmenttoreachcarbonneutrality“byoraroundmid-century”,’scarbonneutralityprocessrequiresdown-to-earthandsteadystepstopromotehigh-qualitydevelopmentandeconomicandsocialtransformation,soastobuildacommun,carbonemissionsindevelopedcountriespeakedevenbeforethestartoftheUNclimatechangenegotiations,,forexample,,thecarbonpeakindevelopedcountriesexperiencedalongperiodofhighplateaufluctuation,s,,agreedin1997,%below1990levelsby2010,whichsubsequentnegotiationsrevi,therearenaturalclimatevariations,economicfluctuations,salsochangeinfluctuations,,rgy,anyhastyorabruptlarge-scalewithdrawaloffossi,carbonreductionneedstotakesteady,yetcareful,,someactorsfailedtoaccuratelyunderstandthecarbonpeak,resultingina,weneedtoclarifythatChina’stotalenergydemandhasnotseenasuddensurge,andcoalcapacityhasnotdisappeared,soifcarbonreductiontakesaone-size-fits-allapproach,thenormalo,coal,electricpower,andpowergridenterpriseswithacertainmonopolypositionoftenfallshortinresponsetomarketfluctuations,,itiscertainthatChina’,Chinaislikelytonowbeinthestageofhighplateaufluctuation,,itisnecessarytoscientifica,weneedtowatchoutforhumaninterventiontoavoidplummetingtheenergysectorintohighintensityfluctuations,,,peakcarbonissubjecttocarbonneutrality,,China’sindustrializationandurbanizationarenowatthemiddleandlatestages,thespaceforexpansionofproductioncapacityislimited,3,andhasnotcontinuedtoincrease,eachedsaturation,ange’sSixthAssessmentReportinAugust,,thefastestriseinthelast3,,globalcarbondioxideconcentrationreached410ppm(ppmisastandardmeasureoftheamountofagasintheair),,,,climatechangeandenergyissuesareamongtoday’smostprominentglobalchallenges,whichconcernthec,Chinahasbeentheworld’slargestcarbonemitter,accountingformorethanaquarteroftheworld’,China’scumu’slevel,China’smovetowardszero-ca,from2010onwards,bothinstalledcapacityandpowergenerationofrenewableenergysuchashydropower,windpower,,China’%oftheworld’stotalin2020,%’,thephotovoltaic(PV),by2020,China’%oftheworld’stotal,,windpowergenerationintheUnitedStateswas69%,ChinasurpassedtheUnitedStatesby36%.What’smore,China’snew-energyvehiclebatterytechnologyleadstheworld,,China’,%ofthetotalstockof505,,greenhousegasemissionsofdevelopedcountries,bothintotalvolumeandpercapita,,,naturalgas,arelativelylowcarbonfossilenergy,hasreplacedcoal,“shalegasrevolution,”coal’s%%,%%,,China’spercapitaGDPisonly1/6thatoftheUnitedStatesand1/5thatoftheEuropeanUnion,lowerthanthatofmanydevelopingcountriesinASEAN,OPEC,NorthAfrica,nneutralityby2050,whiletisfeasibleandsafe,andiftheycandoit,,weshouldl,developedcountriesaremakingsteadyprogressasaresultoftheirobviousadvantagesinenergystructure,incomelevel,,arenergystructuressetdifferenttargets,itisunrealistictoaskactorsatdiffe’srefusaltoratifytheKyototargetsshowsthatthe“top-down”,whichadoptsaproactive“bottom-up”,andtheeconomicpaybackperiodislong,,thereisnoneedtobanallfossilenergyprojectsnow,,thereistimeforChinatoactivelyadvocaten,hydropower,windpower,aneduceoildemand,,giventhatthecarbonemissionofcoalishigherthanthatofoilwiththesamecalorificvalue,andoilishigherthanthatofnaturalgas,economiclogicdictatesthatanenvironmentallyeffectiveexitshouldfirstremovecoal,thenoil,,oil,andnaturalgasusecouldcontinueinsmallamountsevenin2060,’scarbonneutralizationplan,forexample,willstillproduce60milliontonsofCO2emissionsby2050,’scarbonneu“twocarbon”goal,weshouldfirstaccuratelyunderstandthescientificconnotationofcarbonpeakingandcarbonneutrality,followtheinternallawofcarbonpeaking,andimmitteeonClimateChange;LiMengisfromtheResearchInstituteforEco-civilizationundertheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences(CASS);ZhangKunisfromtheInstituteofEcologicalCivilizationatBeijingUniversityofTechnology.

TopromotetheexchangesofMarxisttheoryamongChina,ItalyandSwitzerland,aninternationalsymposiumwasheldonJuly24withtheattendanceofover20expertsandscholarsfromChina,Italy,ences,theItalian21stCenturyAssociationofMarxistPoliticsandCulture,andtheSwissmagazine"NewPolitics",theeventaimedtodeepentheunderstandingofItalianandSwissMarxistpartymembersandscholarswithXiJinpings"ThoughtsonSocialismwithChineseCharacteristicsforaNewEra",,SecretaryofthePartycommitteeandvicepresidentoftheAcademyofMarxismattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatthewhole-processofpeoplesdemocracyshouldbeunwaveringlyproceeded,andtheprincipleofrunningthecountrybythepeopleshouldbeconcretelyvisualizedthroughthePartysgovernanceaswellastherealizationofpeople,generalsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofItaly(PartitoComunista),undertheleadershipofCPC,Chinahascreatedthetwomiraclesofrapideconomicdevelopmentandlong-termsocialstabilityoverthepastyears,directoroftheInstituteofContemporaryPhilosophyandHistoryintheItalian-speakingareaofSwitzerland,saidthatinthefaceofaperiodofuncertaintyandchange,Chinasupholdingtruemultilateralismservesnotonlythecommoninterestsoftheinternationalcommunity,butacommonprosperityintheworld.

:ZhuGaolei/CSSTUnderthetheme“StrategicOptimizationofNew-TypeUrbanization:Smart,Ecological,andHumanistic,”the2021annua,urbanplanning,urbangovernance,industrialsystems,andgreendevelopmentintheprocessofChina’’sconferencewasjointlyhostedbytheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences(CASS),theChineseAcademyofSciences(CAS),andtheChineseAcademyofEngineering(CAE).CASSPresidentXieFuzhanpointedoutthaturbanizationisthenecessarypathtomodernization.“Itisnecessarytodeeplyunderstandthelawofurbanizationdevelopmentinourcountry,optimizethestrategyfornew-typeurbanization,andpromotethehigh-qualitydevelopmentofurbanization,”,medium-sized,,safer,chnologyinthefieldsoflifesciences,informationtechnology,andartificialintelligencehasnotonlygreatlycontributedtosocialprogress,butalsobroughtaboutsuchissuesasscientificandtechnologicalethics,,theCOVID-19pandemicsweepingtheworldhasmadeusmoredeeplyawarethattheprocessofurbandevelopmentandprogressisalsoaprocessofcopingwithunpredictablepotentialrisksandchallenges.“Thiskindofseriouschallengefacingallmankindhasbecomethetouchstoneofscienceandtechnology,allowingustoseeboththepowerandthelimitationsofscienceandtechnology,”civilizationdevelopment,,suchasbigdataandcloudcomputing,toestablishavisualandmeasurablecitymanagementandoperationsystemonthebasisofcomprehensivedigitizationofthecity,,itshouldberecognizedthatthecoredrivingforceforthetransformationandupgradingoftheurbande,Linotedthatthehumanisticcity,humanisticgovernance,,chiefexpertoftheCASSNationalHigh-EndThinkTank,saidthatanewtypeofpeople-orientedurbanizationcanincreasegrowthpotentialbyincreasingnon-agriculturallabor,andboostconsumptiondemandbyincreasingtheregisteredurbanpopulation,therebyhelpingmaintainrableincomeinthetotaldisposableincomeofthewholesociety,,itcanenhanceresidents’incomeandwealth,andpromoteequitableaccesstobasicpublicservicesthroughtertiarydistribution,tyandexpandmiddle-incomegroups.“Itcanbesaidthatthenew-typeurbanizationisarewardingreformandanimportantwayforhigh-qualitydevelopmenttopromotecommonprosperity,”Caiconcluded.

Non-writtenhistoryformsarecordofthevastworld,,suchascaveandrockpaintings,areofgreatvaluetothestudyofvisualrepresentationandtheoriginofculturalheritage,meansofculturalinheritance,“inhistory,”weoftenmeanthehistoricalperiodwithwrittenrecords,while“prehistoric”referstotheperiodb,thestudyofhistoryoftenfocusesonwrittenhistory,whichiscalledxinshi,literallytranslatingto“truthfulhistory.”Traditionalhistoriographyputsanemphasisonclassicaldocumentsandarchaeologicalevidence,historicalanthropologyuncoversthevalueoffolkdocumentsthroughfieldinvestigation,andfolkloristicsstudiesoraltextsandtheculturalecologyofthelivingworld,,alargenumberofarchaeologicalandpictorialhistorystudiesshowthatbeforetheemergenceofwrittenrecords,humansalreadyhadrovethatculturalheritagetransmissionisamethodforrecordingandtellingstories,aswellasexpressingemotionandmeaning,,shells,leaves,bones,teeth,horns,andfeathers,whichcouldbespatiallyrearrangedtoconveymeaning(asinStonehengeordolmens)orsimplygivingmeaningtonaturalobjects(sacredmountains,sacredlakes,andsacredtrees).Thereweremanysymbolswhichcouldnotbepreservedandthusdisappeared,,ethnography,andfolklore,wecanseelivingculturalremains,suchasworshipofsacredwood,recordscarvedonwood,leaflettering,featherlettering,animalteethasamuletstowardoffevil,mofhumanimagination,butareculturalorideographicsymbolsimbuedwithmagic,namely,“ideographicobjectsandimages.”Theirspatialconstruction,significance,andsymbolismareimportantmate,lessoriginal,,thenaturalshapeofarocksimilartoananimalisused,addingthree-dimensionalmeaningtothetwo-dimensionalspace,,000yearsagointheAltamiraCavesiteinnorthernSpain,,somerockformationsareendowedwithmythicsignificance,suchasthepopular“Yeti”mythinmanypartsoftheworld,linkedtofootprintshapedmarksonrock,amansouls,suchasthestonemaninChina’snorthwestgrassland,,,suchasoraltraditionsandexpressions(includingmusicandvariousoraltraditions),performingarts(suchasdance,signlanguage,andbodylanguage),socialpracticesortouchinheritance(signlanguagehiddeninthesleeveofbothpartiesduringatransaction),andritualinheritance(suchasfestivities).Theyaretheresearchobjectsofmusicalanthropology,sensoryanthropology,artisticanthropology,andritualtheoryrespectively,,manyethnicminoritygroupsinChina,suchastheMiaopeople,shareatraditionofusingobjectssuchascarvedwood,ropeknots,andtreeleavestodocumenteventanddata,conveysymbolicmeaning,,ifstakesareplantedinawasteland,orevenifgrassstalksareinsertedincowdung,es,,orotherobjects,,theserepresentationsorsymbolsarestillwidelyappliedinfestivals,ceremonies,,duringtheSpringFestivalinGuangdong,familieslovetohavekumquats,chrysanthemums,lettuce,andotherplantswhosenamesoundssimilarto“goodluck,”“fortune,”andsoonintheirhouseholds,inordertousherin“anauspiciousbeginning”,epics,,shapes,performance,,thesearemostlyregardedasformsof“nationalart.”Forexample,ifweonlyseethepracticalandaestheticfunctionsofanethnicminoritygarment,,,,anthropologists,eriodsandconcepts,,thesuperimpositionofwordsisoftencontrolledbythosewithpower,whereasthesuperimpositionofsymbuperposition,,inscriptionsandlocalchroniclesfromthePearlRiverDeltainsouthChinaaremostlywrittenbasedonconceptualstructuressolidifiedbypreviouswrittenrecords,,inwriting,presentsaverystrong,constant,,historiansneedtolearnfromtheexperiencesofanthropologiststointroducenon-,fromtangibleandintangibleculturalheritages,allkindsofinformationsurvivingthroughnon-writtenprocessescouldreshapeourunderstandings—,widespreadsacrificialsymbolsintheformofstones,altars,andtemplesinmountainsettlementsandwatersidecom,wecameacrossalargerockonthng“XAncestralHall”,whenwereturned,thedoorframeinfrontoftherockwasremovedand“XAncestralHall”,weseethehistoricalandculturalexpressionofwrittensymbols,ybooks,butwecandefinitelyobtainmore,itcanbesaidthathistoryisconstructed,’triskgeneralizing;rather,wesho,,sincetheMingandQingdynasties,ethnicminoritiesinChinahavedemonstrateddiversityandculturalintegrationinclothing,music,,ishowtouncoverforgottenhistory,ormodifiedmemories,,renownedChinesescholarWangGuoweiputforwardthe“DoubleEvidenceMethod”,otherscholarsadvanceddeeperevidence,,,suchascontracts,inscriptionsonstonetablets,andlettersforfamilymembers,fromwhichtheyreconstructvividchaptersoftheeconomic,cultural,customary,icalanthropology,,itstaskistostu,orintangible,informationsuchasspatialsignificance,objectrepresentation,andimagenarration,fromgenerationtogeneration,andevenaddingcontextfromancienthistoricalmaterialsandtraditionalcustoms,wefindthat,andacademichistory,,people’sunderstandingofhistoryhasbeenbasedonwrittendocuments,but“truthfulhistory”,FineArtsandLiuZhiweiisfromtheDepartmentofHistoryatSunYat-SenUniversity.

OnJanuary21,,aprofessorfromtheSchoolofJournalismandCommunicationatTsinghuaUniversity,thehigh-levelhumanoidrobotQingxin,thereal-lifereplicavirtualhumanXinyue,’sfirstacademicreportjointlyreleasedbyanaturalhuman,robot,andvirtualhuman,thereportdepictsfuturescenariosofthemetaverse,,ChinesescientistQianXuesen(TsienHsue-shen)hadmentioned“VirtualReality”inhismanuscript,andhewantedtotranslateitinto“lingjing”(literally“spiritualrealm”)inChinese,sothatitco,,2021,Roblox,agamecompatiblewiththevirtualworld,waslistedontheNewYorkStockExchange,’,academia’sinterestinthemetaversefocusesontheinductionandexplorationofthebasicelementsthatconstitutethevirtualworld,saidJiangQiping,directoroftheCenterforInformatizationStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences.“Whatwecareaboutiswhatelementsconstitutethebasicplatesofthenewcontinentofcivilization,andthefactthattheconceptofthemetaversemaycontinuetoevolveandexpandinthefuture.”Inthemetaversestate,therealworldandthevirtualworldaretwoparallelworlds,whichwillhaveanimpactonsocialstructures,socialethics,andculturalheritage,saidZhangHongzhong,aprofessorfro’sfoci,discoursemodes,andhabitsofmediausewillchangeaccordinglyinthemetaverse,whichwillprovidenewconceptsinjournalismandcommunicationresearch,andwillalsohaveaprofoundimpactonpeople’eboundariesofhumanthought,triggeringnewreflectionsonthetechnical,ethical,andlegalissuesofphysicalrules,AI,robots,,althoughtheconceptofthemetaverseiscurrentlyenthusiasticallysoughtafterbythecapitalmarket,,industry,andmarketallneed,shouldthemetaversebecomeanenvironmentonwhichhumanlifedepends,thenitsstabilitywouldbeaprimaryconcern,,reducingcomputingcosts,andensuringthestabilityofserverswillbecomemajorissuesrelatedtothenationaleconomyandpeople’,virtualandrealeconomicsystemsmakeeconomicrisksmoredifficulttopredict,whileaddiction,socialalienation,ethicaldisorder,andprivacyprotectionmayalsogiverisetoaseriesofsocialproblems.“Assuch,forthefuturedevelopmentofthemetaverse,wemustplanaheadandguideitintime,”Shenconcluded.

Inthepastfewyears,Chineseconsumerdemandhas,night-timeeconomy(NTE),featuringadditionalvaluesincludingculturalcreativityandemotion,,China’sMinistryofCultureandTourismreleasedthe14thfive-yearplanforthedevelopmentofvarioussectors,whichpointsoutthatitisimportanttovigorouslydevelopNTE,whilebuildingnat,on,propelurbaneconomicgrowth,andbe,itisnecessarytooffernotonlyvariouskindsofproductsandservices,,night-timeconsumptionistheconsumptionofservicesandexperiences,whichisapsychologicalexperiencethatcanbeboostedbyconstructingvariousscenesforconsumption,improvingcustomerexperiences,,leisureactivities,services,,butalsothevaluesofurbanculture,tradition,cscangenerateasoundculturalenvironment,socialfoundation,ifferentiated,compound,interconnectednight-timeconsumptionscenesthatcanturn“greateffects”into“greatbenefits.”Consumptionscenesarenotonlywherepeopleshop,,improvingconsumptionsc,itshoul,itisnecessarytoturnphysicalvenuesinto“ecologies”thatappealtoconsumerswiththehelpofcreativedesignandcontentplacement,,timescenesadaptedtothelocations,functions,,art,entertainment,lifeservices,nature,,specialsceneswithgoodtaste,basedonthefeaturesoftheirnight-timeproductsandservices,,,andwhenputtogetherinadifferentway,,weneedtoassemblepublicculturalfacilitiesandcommercialfacilitiesinawaythatcombinestheirrecreational,cultural,commercial,,ashopcanbeturnedintoacompoundculturalspacethatnotonlysellsbooks,butalsofunctionsasalibrary,cafe,gallery,cenebyadoptingthe“performanceplus”approach,anight-timeperformancemodethatintegratesanaturallandscape,performance,store,“newshoppingmode”isafusionofnight-timetraveling,shopping,,,nts’operatingcapacities,NTEmerchantsshouldalsotrytolinkofflin“borderless”consumptionscenes,which,inturn,helpsactivatetheentirecity’,weshouldtapintotheculturalresourcesofcities,andintegratethemwithpopularculture,,arepresentativescholarofthetheoryofscenes,differentscenescontaindifferentculturalvalueorientations,whicharetheforcedrivingpeople’,manypopularscenes,thesescenesfollowasingle,emptyformofexpression,,,night-timescenesshouldbedeeplycultural-themedandintegratedwithlocalculture,contemporaryculturaltrends,andartisanalculturalcreativity,,,folklore,traditional,andcustomarycultureofanareaorregion,whichisacondensed,scenessuchasshoppingareas,neighborhoods,,consumerscanfeelthelocalflavorandrhythm,,,night-timegoodsaremoreinfluencedbypopularculture,,hot-sellingproducts,andgoodsrecommendedbythepublicwillattractthemostattention,,,themainconsumersforNTEareamongthe“post-80s”“post-90s”and“post-00s.”ulture,andincludemodernfashionelements,,,scenescombiningbusinessandart,orbusinessandtheculturalandcreativeindustry,scenes,andaddprofessional,standardizeddetails,toc,weshouldbuilddigital,smartnight-timescenes,,cross-sectoral,smart,anddigitalnewtechnologiesreshapeconsumptioogyw,ractiveparticipation,thuschangingthesituationofconsumer-onlyparticipationandgre,suchasimmersiveexhibitions,immersiveperformances,,wecanpreciselydefineIPcontent,breaktheboundarybetweenscenesandpeople,andformasenseofscene,weshouldmaximizetheapplicationofsciencelogiessuchasintelligentimages,lightfieldtechnology,naked-eye3Dtechnology,interactiveexperiencetechnologyAR/VR,5Gholography,etc.,tobringconsumersanewnight-timeexperiencewithacombinationofvirtualitywithreality,,givingusenvironmental-friendlycreativenight-timeshowssuchasartimageshows,lightshows,projectionshows,’soriginalarchitecture,scenicspots,culture,andartareintegratedcomprehensivelytoderntechnologyandadoptthecombinationof“IPstoryastheme+soundandlight+actors,”tobuildamysterious,metaphysical,romantic,,“night-timesmartscenes”andmakeresourcessuchastechnology,standards,,associations,andotherorganizationsshouldbeencouragedtoactivelycultivatesceneintermediaryserviceagenciesandenterprises,carryoutturn-keyprojectsintermsoftechnologyintegration,matchthesupplyanddemandforscenetechnologies,,aspecialnight-timeindustryguidancefundmaybeestablishedinduecourse,tofacilitatetechnologicalinnovation,businessincubation,andtalenttrainingfortheimplementationofhigh-qualityscenes,torelyonfinaicsatHunanAcademyofSocialSciences.

TheBRICScooperationmechanismhasdevelopedamulti-tier,systemicsetofinstitutionsthatisyieldingremarkableprogressinkeyareas,anditcouldnowspeakasonevoiceintheglobalarenaonbehalfofemergingmarketsanddevelopingcountries,-Brazil,Russia,India,China,andSouthAfrica-,aprofessoratFudanUniversitysSchoolofInternationalRelationsandPublicAffairs,said"oneofthemilestones"intheprogressmadebyBRICSoverthepast16years,thebankexpandeditsmembershipforthefirsttimelastSeptembertoincludetheUnitedArabEmirates,UruguayandBangladesh."Thissymbolizesamajorstepinthebankmarchingtowardbecominganinternationalmultilateraldevelopmentbank,anditwillofferfinancialsupporttomoreemergingmarketsanddevelopingcountriesboostingtheirsayandinfluenceintheglobalfinancialsystem,",headoftheDepartmentofGlobalGovernanceattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciencesInstituteofWorldEconomicsandPolitics,saidtheBRICScountrieshaveestablishedacollaborationsystemwithawidespectrumandmultiplelevels,andit"hasmaderemarkableprogressinseveralcriticalareasconcerningthereformoftheglobalgovernancesystem".Intermsofdevelopment,theBRICScountriesaredeepeningcollaborationinareassuchasfulfillingtheUnitedNations2030SustainableDevelopmentAgenda,tacklingclimatechangeandadvancinggreendevelopment,shesaid."Andintheareaofsecurity,theBRICSnationshavemadetheircoordinationandcontactsevencloserandmutuallyrespectsovereignty,securityanddevelopmentinterests,"differentcooperativeagendaitems,suchasthelinkbetweenitsfinancingfunctionandsustainabledevelopmentprojects."BRICSNewDevelopmentBankwilloffer$30billioninfinancingoverthenextfiveyearsformemberstates,and40percentofthefundingwillbeusedineasingclimatechange,",aneconomistandformerdirectoroftheInstituteofWorldEconomicStudiesattheChinaInstitutesofContemporaryInternationalRelations,saidtheBRICScooperationmechanism,nowledbytheannualsummit,includesaffiliatedeventssuchastheannualmeetingsofforeignministers,traderepresentatives,thinktanksandforums,formingawell-organizedarchitectureofinstitutions."Themechanismhasbecomeapowerfulplatformforemergingmarketcountriesanddevelopingcountriestoconsolidatetheirconsensusandspeakoutasonevoice,",thismechanismcouldstillfunctionproperlyevenifthereweresomedisagreementsamongcertainmembers,andtheyalwayshonorthespiritofinclusiveness,opennessandmutualbenefit,"drawingasharpcontrasttosomecliquespursuedbysomecountriesthatarebasedonideologyandhegemony",,inflation,supplychaindisruptionsandimpulsestocounterglobalization,BRICSshouldstrengthenitscooperation,boostitsresilience,developemergingsectorsandcounterpolicyrisksbroughtbyothercountries,ank,buildupitsemergencyreserve,anddomoretobolsterdevelopingcountriesfinancialresilience."Also,thefivecountriesshouldworkevencloserincutting-edgeareassuchasthedigitaleconomyandAI-drivenproduction,joinhandstosecurethesafetyofproductionchainsandsupplychains,closelytrackglobalinflation,coordinatemacroeconomicpolicyandtacklepost-pandemicrecovery,",secretary-generaloftheWorldFinanceForumanddirectoroftheCenterforBRICSandGlobalGovernance,saidtheBRICSnationsshouldstriveforagreaterroleinglobalfinancialgovernancereformandseekmorevotingrightsandagreatersayinkeyinstitutionssuchastheInternationalMonetaryFund."ToavoidpossiblesanctionsimposedbysomeWesterncountriesandboosttheirimmunityagainstexternalrisks,theBRICSnationsshouldseekmorelocalcurrencyseystemtoboosttheircross-borderfinancing,investmentandtrade,",aneconomicsprofessorandexecutivedeanoftheBeltandRoadSchoolatBeijingNormalUniversity,saidfutureBRICScooperationshouldbeaimedatgreaterquality,anditshouldtaketheopportunitiesofferedbydigitaltechnologiesandtheFourthIndustrialRevolution."OnlyagreaterqualityoftheircooperationcouldmakeitpossibletoeffectivelyadvancetheUnitedNations2030SustainableDevelopmentAgendaandbettertranslateintorealitytheChina-proposedGlobalDevelopmentInitiative,",theFudanUniversityprofessor,saidtheBRICSnationscouldtaketheleadinpromptingdevelopedcountriestofulfilltheircommitmenttooffermorefunds,technologiesfordevelopingcountriesandfacilitatetheircapacitybuildups.

Non-writtenhistoryformsarecordofthevastworld,,suchascaveandrockpaintings,areofgreatvaluetothestudyofvisualrepresentationandtheoriginofculturalheritage,meansofculturalinheritance,“inhistory,”weoftenmeanthehistoricalperiodwithwrittenrecords,while“prehistoric”referstotheperiodb,thestudyofhistoryoftenfocusesonwrittenhistory,whichiscalledxinshi,literallytranslatingto“truthfulhistory.”Traditionalhistoriographyputsanemphasisonclassicaldocumentsandarchaeologicalevidence,historicalanthropologyuncoversthevalueoffolkdocumentsthroughfieldinvestigation,andfolkloristicsstudiesoraltextsandtheculturalecologyofthelivingworld,,alargenumberofarchaeologicalandpictorialhistorystudiesshowthatbeforetheemergenceofwrittenrecords,humansalreadyhadrovethatculturalheritagetransmissionisamethodforrecordingandtellingstories,aswellasexpressingemotionandmeaning,,shells,leaves,bones,teeth,horns,andfeathers,whichcouldbespatiallyrearrangedtoconveymeaning(asinStonehengeordolmens)orsimplygivingmeaningtonaturalobjects(sacredmountains,sacredlakes,andsacredtrees).Thereweremanysymbolswhichcouldnotbepreservedandthusdisappeared,,ethnography,andfolklore,wecanseelivingculturalremains,suchasworshipofsacredwood,recordscarvedonwood,leaflettering,featherlettering,animalteethasamuletstowardoffevil,mofhumanimagination,butareculturalorideographicsymbolsimbuedwithmagic,namely,“ideographicobjectsandimages.”Theirspatialconstruction,significance,andsymbolismareimportantmate,lessoriginal,,thenaturalshapeofarocksimilartoananimalisused,addingthree-dimensionalmeaningtothetwo-dimensionalspace,,000yearsagointheAltamiraCavesiteinnorthernSpain,,somerockformationsareendowedwithmythicsignificance,suchasthepopular“Yeti”mythinmanypartsoftheworld,linkedtofootprintshapedmarksonrock,amansouls,suchasthestonemaninChina’snorthwestgrassland,,,suchasoraltraditionsandexpressions(includingmusicandvariousoraltraditions),performingarts(suchasdance,signlanguage,andbodylanguage),socialpracticesortouchinheritance(signlanguagehiddeninthesleeveofbothpartiesduringatransaction),andritualinheritance(suchasfestivities).Theyaretheresearchobjectsofmusicalanthropology,sensoryanthropology,artisticanthropology,andritualtheoryrespectively,,manyethnicminoritygroupsinChina,suchastheMiaopeople,shareatraditionofusingobjectssuchascarvedwood,ropeknots,andtreeleavestodocumenteventanddata,conveysymbolicmeaning,,ifstakesareplantedinawasteland,orevenifgrassstalksareinsertedincowdung,es,,orotherobjects,,theserepresentationsorsymbolsarestillwidelyappliedinfestivals,ceremonies,,duringtheSpringFestivalinGuangdong,familieslovetohavekumquats,chrysanthemums,lettuce,andotherplantswhosenamesoundssimilarto“goodluck,”“fortune,”andsoonintheirhouseholds,inordertousherin“anauspiciousbeginning”,epics,,shapes,performance,,thesearemostlyregardedasformsof“nationalart.”Forexample,ifweonlyseethepracticalandaestheticfunctionsofanethnicminoritygarment,,,,anthropologists,eriodsandconcepts,,thesuperimpositionofwordsisoftencontrolledbythosewithpower,whereasthesuperimpositionofsymbuperposition,,inscriptionsandlocalchroniclesfromthePearlRiverDeltainsouthChinaaremostlywrittenbasedonconceptualstructuressolidifiedbypreviouswrittenrecords,,inwriting,presentsaverystrong,constant,,historiansneedtolearnfromtheexperiencesofanthropologiststointroducenon-,fromtangibleandintangibleculturalheritages,allkindsofinformationsurvivingthroughnon-writtenprocessescouldreshapeourunderstandings—,widespreadsacrificialsymbolsintheformofstones,altars,andtemplesinmountainsettlementsandwatersidecom,wecameacrossalargerockonthng“XAncestralHall”,whenwereturned,thedoorframeinfrontoftherockwasremovedand“XAncestralHall”,weseethehistoricalandculturalexpressionofwrittensymbols,ybooks,butwecandefinitelyobtainmore,itcanbesaidthathistoryisconstructed,’triskgeneralizing;rather,wesho,,sincetheMingandQingdynasties,ethnicminoritiesinChinahavedemonstrateddiversityandculturalintegrationinclothing,music,,ishowtouncoverforgottenhistory,ormodifiedmemories,,renownedChinesescholarWangGuoweiputforwardthe“DoubleEvidenceMethod”,otherscholarsadvanceddeeperevidence,,,suchascontracts,inscriptionsonstonetablets,andlettersforfamilymembers,fromwhichtheyreconstructvividchaptersoftheeconomic,cultural,customary,icalanthropology,,itstaskistostu,orintangible,informationsuchasspatialsignificance,objectrepresentation,andimagenarration,fromgenerationtogeneration,andevenaddingcontextfromancienthistoricalmaterialsandtraditionalcustoms,wefindthat,andacademichistory,,people’sunderstandingofhistoryhasbeenbasedonwrittendocuments,but“truthfulhistory”,FineArtsandLiuZhiweiisfromtheDepartmentofHistoryatSunYat-SenUniversity.

CollectivelycreatedbyTibetanpeople,,6andaddedtotheRepresentativeListo,ithasbeenhandeddowntilltodayamongTibetan,Mongolian,Tus,Yughur,Nakhi,,InnerMongolia,XinjiangUygurautonomousregionsandQinghai,Gansu,Sichuan,andYunnanprovinces,butalsoinNepal,Bhutan,India,Pakistan,Mongolia,andRussia’,cross-regional,,,theepicofGesarisdisseminatedintwobasicways:oneisthroughoralnarrationandretellingsinlocalculturalspaces;,,,whichisapplicablefordisplayingmagnificent,,moderntechnologycanchoosedifferentscenesandadoptmeanssuchas3D,4D,giant-screenmovies,circular-screenmovies,,,butthoseaboutKingGesararestillrare,whichisunfortunateticandelectronictechnologytoprovideviewerswithimmersiveexperiences,,sophisticatedmoderntechnologicalmeanshavealreadyalteredtraditionalconcepts,,hangingonthewallsofanexhibition,cannolongersatisfypeople’inhistoricalnarrativesina,throughavirtualracetrack,spectatorscanracewith“KingGesar”,thevirtualfigureofKingGesarcanbecreatedandthedigitalfigurecanbeconnectedwiththereal,theGanziCountyofGanziTibetanAutonomous,theKingGesarCity,,beganitsoperation’,,,,passeddownwithinfolkcommunities,togetherwithsubsequentlycollatedoralorsungtextsgatheredbyfolklorists,,thesetextstend,authoritativeChinese-languageversionsofGeemsfromtheirreverenceforKingGesar,,,topublicizetheimageofKingGesar,asasignalofChineseculturesharedbyallethnicgroups,isofgreatvalueforcontemporarydisseminationofthegreatwork’eratureattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences.

Asaglobalissue,,thehigh-carbongrowthmodel—basedonfossilenergy—hasgreatlychangedtweenhumanproductionandtheclimate,itiswidelyacceptedasaglobalconsensusthathumansneedtotaketheiniti“dualcarbon”(carbonpeakingandcarbonneutrality)goalssetbyChinademonstrates,however,determinedbythecountry’snaturalenvironment,,theextenttowhichChinaisaffectedbyclimatechanges,especiallyextremeweather,,℃every10yearsonaverage,,extremeweatherandclimateeventssuchashightemperatures,heatwaves,cryogenicfreezing,drought,heavyprecipitation,flood,typhoon,’sfoodsecurity,ecologicalenvironment,majorprojectimplementation,,hygiene,health,andothersectors.“Dualcarbon”goalsnotonlyconcerneconomicdevelopment,,fossilenergyaccountsforarelativelyhighproportioninChina’senergystructure,andoilandnaturalgas’,itiscrucialthatweoptimizetheenergystructureandaccelerateanandnaturecanonlybeachievedifwepurs,morethan50countrieshavereachedthepeakofcarbonemissions,,economicgrowthandcarbonemissionscanbedecoupled,,,carbonemissionscannolongerinc,carbonpeakingsymbolizesthetransitionfromolddrivingforcestonewones,and,unwaveringeffortsareneeded,,itmeansfosteringgreentransformationwhiledevelopingth,toachievethe“dualcarbon”goals,thekeyistograduallyreplaceoldtraditionaltechnologywithneogicalcivilization,andfromaneraoffossilenergytoaneraofnewenergy,the“doublecarbon”,aslongasweraisetheproportionoflow-carbonandzero-carbonenergy,andutilizeadvantagesinsuchsectorsasphotovoltaicpowergeneration,new-energyvehicles,anddigitaltechnology,wecanseizetheopportunitytoaccomalKnowledgeonDevelopmentaffiliatedwiththeDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil.

LONDON,ochangethewaythecountryslocalandregionalgovernments(LRGs)operate,saidFitchRatings,aLondon-basedcreditratingcompany,,thesemeasurescouldoptimizefiscaltransparencyandoverallbudgetmanagement,,theleadershipofChinaissuedadecisionon"majorissuesconcerningcomprehensivelydeepeningreforms",whichwasapprovedatthecloseoftheThirdPlenarySessionofthe18thCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,s."Thefirstisthatthesereformsaimtochangetheincentivesoflocalgovernmentoperationsandraisetheiroverallleveloftransparency,"tmanagement,includingcomplicationanddisclosureofLRGbalancesheets,transitiontoanaccrual-basedaccountingsystem,andestablishmentofdebtmonitoringandrisk-alarmsystem,,FitchalsopointedoutthatmainchallengefortheproposedChinesereformscouldbepowerfulinterestgroupsatthelocallevel."Inanyevent,implementationremainsthekeytoactualcreditimprovements,",anotherinternationalcreditratingcompany,however,saidonMondaythatthepolicystatementsreleasedlastweekarecreditpositiveforthesovereign,localgovernments,state-ownedenterprises,propertydevelopersandutilities.

Theorigin,formation,anddevelopmentof,formation,anddevelopmentpathofChinesecivilizationaresignificanttopicsnotonlyinthestudyofancientChinesehistory,hinesecivilizationisam,about400expertsmajoringinnearly20disciplinesfrommorethelargestscale,,300yearsago,thevastarea[withinChina],includingtheYangtzeRiver,theYellowRiver,andtheWestLiaoRiverbasins,,thoseregionsformeda“Chineseinteractionsphere”[amodeladoptedbytheChinesearchaeologistKwang-chihChang(1931–2001),alsoaprofessoratHarvardUniversity,todescribethecloserelationshipamongdifferentregionalculturesinChinathatdevelopedinthefourthmillenniumBCE]characterizedby“pluralityandunity,”,includingLiangzhu,Lingjiatan,Niuheliang,Shijiahe,Shimao,Taosi,andErlitou,haveprovedthatChinesecivilizationhasmorethan5,,thestudyoftheoriginsofChinesecivilizationistheepitomeofChina’,includingthoserelatedtotheoriginsofcivilization,areChina’svaluableculturalheritage,andshouldbewellprotected,managed,ecivilization,thispapermakesseveralsuggestionsonhowtoadvancetherelevantwork[ofculturalheritageprotection]duringthe“14thFive-YearPlan”(hereinafterreferredtoasthePlan)hods,edthat“thecentrallinkincivilizedsocietyisthestate,”andhasviewedtheemerg,thisprojectdrawsconclusionsonthekeycharacteristicsofevaluatingasociety’sentryintocivilizationintheabsenceofthediscoveryofwrittenmaterials,andhasmadepositive,itisoffar-reachingsignificancetosticktothecorrectresearchorientation,methods,andmultidisciplinaryefforts,whiledoingagoodjobinprotectingChineseculturalheritage,,includingthoserelatedtotheoriginsofcivilization,,Erlitou,andYinxuhavesufferedfromdamagetovaryingdegrees,,itisnecessarytostrengthenpeople’sreverenceforhistoricalrelicsandnurturetheawaingculturalrelicsandeconomicandsocialdevelopment,toseverelycrackdownontherobberyanddestructionofculturalrelics,andstrictlyprohibitmarketcirculationandcollectionofculturalrelicsunearthedbylootersandartifactsstolenfrommuseums,nsofLiangzhuCity[inHangzhou,Zhejiangprovince]project’ions[inthefieldofarchaeology,culture,andhistory].Whilestrengtheningarchaeologicalwork,Shaanxiauthoritiesfocusontheprotectionofculturalheritage,establishingnewinstitutionsandimplementingeffectivemanagement,wlicity[ofculturalheritageprotection]invariousforms,,xhibitionsinmanyplaces,withnewarchaeologicaldiscoveriesasthemaincontent,logicalsiteparkshavepromotedpublicunderstandingofXiacultureresearchwiththelatest[archaeological]findings,makinracetheoriginsofChinesecivilizationshallbeenteredintoteachingmaterials,soastostrengthenculturalself-confidenceandenhancetheyoungergenerations’,enhancepeople’sidentificationwithChinaandthecohesiveforceoftheChinesenation,andprovideasenseofbelongingfortheChinesenationthroughnationalarchaeologicalsiteparks,exhibitions,documentaries,shortvideos,,CASS.

Therearemanycommunityworkerpositionsalreadyavailabletocollegegraduates,andnewjobseekersarebeingencouragedtotakeuppositionsatthegrassrootslevel,,aseniorofficialattheministry,toldanewsconferenceonTuesdaythatsuchmovesaimtoensuretheemploymentrat,82,000full-timepositionsinurbancommunitieshavebeenmadeavailabletocollegegraduates,ofwhich25,000postsareexclusivelyforthem."Employmentisanimportantguaranteeforsocialstabilityandmustbetakengoodcareof,"tsgraduatedthisyear,andthatCOVID-19andothe,theministryalongwiththeministriesofeducation,finance,andhumanresourcesandsocialsecurityjointlyissuedanoticeonarrangrovideelderlycare,childcare,housekeepingandotherservicesinthecommunitycangetaone-timebusinesssubsidy,guaranteedloansandtaxincentives."Acommunityisahavenforpeopletorest,ahometoliveinandthebasicunitofsocialgovernance…Acommunitycanbeanewworldforyoungpeopletofindacareer,",peopleundertheageof35accountfor35percent,,localgovernmentsshouldtrytohave18communityworkersforevery10,000urbanpermanentresidentsbytheendofthe14thFive-YearPlan(2021-25)periodandreplenishtheteaminatimelymanner,,wheresituationspermit,tohirefreshgraduatestoservethere."Wesincerelyhopethatthemajorityofyoungpeoplecandevotethemselvestocommunityconstruction,tempertheirskills,increasetheirtalentsandrealizetheirvalue,"Chensaid.

ScholarsfromBrazil,Russia,India,ChinaandSouthAfricaattendedaBRICSseminaronthethemeofhon,theChineseAcademyofSocialSciences,andtheInstituteofLatinAmericanStudies,CASS,isroleanddevelopmentintheinternationalsystem,globaldevelopmentaswellaechanismandcooperation,andhowitshouldhavegreatersayint"BRICSPlus",director-generaloftheBureauofInternationalCooperation,CASS,said,"Chinasproposals,theGlobalDevelopmentInitiativeandtheGlobalSecurityInitiative,provideafundamentalguidanceforBRICStodeepensecurityanddevelopmentcooperation."AccordingtoEdithDinongPhaswana,directorofAcademicPrograms,ThaboMbekiAfricanSchoolofPublicandInternationalAffairsinSouthAfrica,initiatingproposalsenableChinawithgreaterflexibilityandroomintheinternationalsystem,whichtheBRICSneedstoconsiderwh,professoroftheInstituteofFarEasternStudiesinRussia,proposedthatdevelopingnationsbetterreadyaplanBtoavoidnegativeconseq,RenataAlbuquerqueRibeiro,researchFellowofPlataformaCIPOinBrazil,said,"composedoftheworldsmajordevelopingcountries,theBRICSisthemostposs,director-generaloftheRussianInternationalAffairsCouncil,saiddiverseregionalintegrationstrategieshavemadeanimpactontheBRICSandthe"BRICSPlus"couldbeanewformofmultilateraleconomiccooperationtohelptheBRICSout.

Theorigin,formation,anddevelopmentof,formation,anddevelopmentpathofChinesecivilizationaresignificanttopicsnotonlyinthestudyofancientChinesehistory,hinesecivilizationisam,about400expertsmajoringinnearly20disciplinesfrommorethelargestscale,,300yearsago,thevastarea[withinChina],includingtheYangtzeRiver,theYellowRiver,andtheWestLiaoRiverbasins,,thoseregionsformeda“Chineseinteractionsphere”[amodeladoptedbytheChinesearchaeologistKwang-chihChang(1931–2001),alsoaprofessoratHarvardUniversity,todescribethecloserelationshipamongdifferentregionalculturesinChinathatdevelopedinthefourthmillenniumBCE]characterizedby“pluralityandunity,”,includingLiangzhu,Lingjiatan,Niuheliang,Shijiahe,Shimao,Taosi,andErlitou,haveprovedthatChinesecivilizationhasmorethan5,,thestudyoftheoriginsofChinesecivilizationistheepitomeofChina’,includingthoserelatedtotheoriginsofcivilization,areChina’svaluableculturalheritage,andshouldbewellprotected,managed,ecivilization,thispapermakesseveralsuggestionsonhowtoadvancetherelevantwork[ofculturalheritageprotection]duringthe“14thFive-YearPlan”(hereinafterreferredtoasthePlan)hods,edthat“thecentrallinkincivilizedsocietyisthestate,”andhasviewedtheemerg,thisprojectdrawsconclusionsonthekeycharacteristicsofevaluatingasociety’sentryintocivilizationintheabsenceofthediscoveryofwrittenmaterials,andhasmadepositive,itisoffar-reachingsignificancetosticktothecorrectresearchorientation,methods,andmultidisciplinaryefforts,whiledoingagoodjobinprotectingChineseculturalheritage,,includingthoserelatedtotheoriginsofcivilization,,Erlitou,andYinxuhavesufferedfromdamagetovaryingdegrees,,itisnecessarytostrengthenpeople’sreverenceforhistoricalrelicsandnurturetheawaingculturalrelicsandeconomicandsocialdevelopment,toseverelycrackdownontherobberyanddestructionofculturalrelics,andstrictlyprohibitmarketcirculationandcollectionofculturalrelicsunearthedbylootersandartifactsstolenfrommuseums,nsofLiangzhuCity[inHangzhou,Zhejiangprovince]project’ions[inthefieldofarchaeology,culture,andhistory].Whilestrengtheningarchaeologicalwork,Shaanxiauthoritiesfocusontheprotectionofculturalheritage,establishingnewinstitutionsandimplementingeffectivemanagement,wlicity[ofculturalheritageprotection]invariousforms,,xhibitionsinmanyplaces,withnewarchaeologicaldiscoveriesasthemaincontent,logicalsiteparkshavepromotedpublicunderstandingofXiacultureresearchwiththelatest[archaeological]findings,makinracetheoriginsofChinesecivilizationshallbeenteredintoteachingmaterials,soastostrengthenculturalself-confidenceandenhancetheyoungergenerations’,enhancepeople’sidentificationwithChinaandthecohesiveforceoftheChinesenation,andprovideasenseofbelongingfortheChinesenationthroughnationalarchaeologicalsiteparks,exhibitions,documentaries,shortvideos,,CASS.

Therearemanycommunityworkerpositionsalreadyavailabletocollegegraduates,andnewjobseekersarebeingencouragedtotakeuppositionsatthegrassrootslevel,,aseniorofficialattheministry,toldanewsconferenceonTuesdaythatsuchmovesaimtoensuretheemploymentrat,82,000full-timepositionsinurbancommunitieshavebeenmadeavailabletocollegegraduates,ofwhich25,000postsareexclusivelyforthem."Employmentisanimportantguaranteeforsocialstabilityandmustbetakengoodcareof,"tsgraduatedthisyear,andthatCOVID-19andothe,theministryalongwiththeministriesofeducation,finance,andhumanresourcesandsocialsecurityjointlyissuedanoticeonarrangrovideelderlycare,childcare,housekeepingandotherservicesinthecommunitycangetaone-timebusinesssubsidy,guaranteedloansandtaxincentives."Acommunityisahavenforpeopletorest,ahometoliveinandthebasicunitofsocialgovernance…Acommunitycanbeanewworldforyoungpeopletofindacareer,",peopleundertheageof35accountfor35percent,,localgovernmentsshouldtrytohave18communityworkersforevery10,000urbanpermanentresidentsbytheendofthe14thFive-YearPlan(2021-25)periodandreplenishtheteaminatimelymanner,,wheresituationspermit,tohirefreshgraduatestoservethere."Wesincerelyhopethatthemajorityofyoungpeoplecandevotethemselvestocommunityconstruction,tempertheirskills,increasetheirtalentsandrealizetheirvalue,"Chensaid.

Seekingtopublishintopinternationaljournalsisaneffectivewayforsocialscientistsacrosstheworldtoboo,“SocialScienceSpace,”AmonBarrosandRafaelAlcadipani,bothprofessorsatFundaoGetulioVargas’sSaoPauloSchoolofBusinessAdministrationinBrazil,examinedinvisiblechallengesscholarsfromthe“periphery”oposedbytheDependencySchoolofthe,,AmericansociologistImmanuelWallersteincreativelysupplementedtheconcept“semi-periphery”inhisworldsystemstheoryafterconsideringtherealc,includingSouthKorea,Brazil,Italy,andHungary,tonamejustafew,refertonatio,theUK,andsomecountriesoftheEU,wouldbeatthecenterofknowledgeproductionanddissemination,ounddebatesstemmingfromcountriesintheso-calledGlobalNorth,theywarnedthatthedividecan,ártonDemeter,anassociateprofessorofsocialcommunicationattheNationalUniversityofPublicServiceinHungary,attributedthemarginalizationoftherelativeGlobalSouthinacademia,superficially,tothedominanceofEnglish,unequallydistributedresources,thealmostexclusiveWesternshareofinternationalpublishinghouses,,hesaid“intellectualracism,”ashetermedit,isamuchmorefundamentalphenomenon.“IntellectualracismmeansthattheGlobalNorthisconsideredtoaccumulatemoreacademicknowledge,intheformofbetteruniversities,betterjournals,betterassociations,betterconferencesand,ofcourse,betterresearch,”Demeterexplained,addingthatthisisa“corenarrative,”sharedbynotjustthevastmajorityofWesternscholarsbutalsobythoseGlobalSouthscholarsthathecalled“centrophils.”TruthofinternationalacademiaIntopinternationaljournals,peripheralschol,italLibrary,whichincluded322,279articles,215,203uniqueauthors,andmorethan10,000journalsovertheperiod1985–,economicsprofessorsJacobGreensponandDaniRodrik,fromHarvardKennedySchool,discoveredthattherepresentationofauthorsfromperipheralcountriesisconsistentlylowinglobaleconomicjournals,probablysuggestingthatthesecountriesremainexcludedfromtheprofession’stop-ratedinternationaljournals.“Theterm‘international’isseverelybiasedinanacademiccontext,”,ifajournalhas100%Americanauthorship,itisstillconsideredtobeinternational,,especiallyAmerican,scholarshipisconsideredinternationalwithoutquestion,whileotherpartsoftheworldshouldalwaysjustifywhytheirresearchisimportantinternationally,otherwisetheirresearchremains“ethno-science.”Formanyscholars,internationalrecognitionmean;Westernresearchhasinternationalrelevanceandsignificance.“Thisisaveryhegemonicunderstandingofinternationality,”,themoregeographicallydiversescholars’researchcollaborationandresearchfocusis,,itiswidelyacceptedthatEnglishisthe“linguafranca”,BarrosandAlcadipanisaidthatpublishingintopmanagementjournalsprima“doubletranslation,”notonlytranslatinglinguistically,,,Demetersaidth,hesuggestedtrulyinternationalizingknowledgeandcontestingthemythbywhicheliteWesternuniversities(verygoodprofitmakers)andjournals(evenbetterprofitmakersforpublishers),BarrosandAlcadipaniproposedbroadeningthedatabaseofreviewersintopinternati,“minorlanguagemistakesshouldbetolerated,andeditorsshouldbeopentootherwritingformatsandtrytounderstandwheresomeone’sresearchcomesfrom.”TheycouldalsoassignassociateeditorstoevaluateanideainitsoriginallanguagebeforeaskingforfullpapersinEnglishtodiversifytheeditorteam,BarrosandAlcadipanisaid.

TheBRICScooperationmechanismhasdevelopedamulti-tier,systemicsetofinstitutionsthatisyieldingremarkableprogressinkeyareas,anditcouldnowspeakasonevoiceintheglobalarenaonbehalfofemergingmarketsanddevelopingcountries,-Brazil,Russia,India,China,andSouthAfrica-,aprofessoratFudanUniversitysSchoolofInternationalRelationsandPublicAffairs,said"oneofthemilestones"intheprogressmadebyBRICSoverthepast16years,thebankexpandeditsmembershipforthefirsttimelastSeptembertoincludetheUnitedArabEmirates,UruguayandBangladesh."Thissymbolizesamajorstepinthebankmarchingtowardbecominganinternationalmultilateraldevelopmentbank,anditwillofferfinancialsupporttomoreemergingmarketsanddevelopingcountriesboostingtheirsayandinfluenceintheglobalfinancialsystem,",headoftheDepartmentofGlobalGovernanceattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciencesInstituteofWorldEconomicsandPolitics,saidtheBRICScountrieshaveestablishedacollaborationsystemwithawidespectrumandmultiplelevels,andit"hasmaderemarkableprogressinseveralcriticalareasconcerningthereformoftheglobalgovernancesystem".Intermsofdevelopment,theBRICScountriesaredeepeningcollaborationinareassuchasfulfillingtheUnitedNations2030SustainableDevelopmentAgenda,tacklingclimatechangeandadvancinggreendevelopment,shesaid."Andintheareaofsecurity,theBRICSnationshavemadetheircoordinationandcontactsevencloserandmutuallyrespectsovereignty,securityanddevelopmentinterests,"differentcooperativeagendaitems,suchasthelinkbetweenitsfinancingfunctionandsustainabledevelopmentprojects."BRICSNewDevelopmentBankwilloffer$30billioninfinancingoverthenextfiveyearsformemberstates,and40percentofthefundingwillbeusedineasingclimatechange,",aneconomistandformerdirectoroftheInstituteofWorldEconomicStudiesattheChinaInstitutesofContemporaryInternationalRelations,saidtheBRICScooperationmechanism,nowledbytheannualsummit,includesaffiliatedeventssuchastheannualmeetingsofforeignministers,traderepresentatives,thinktanksandforums,formingawell-organizedarchitectureofinstitutions."Themechanismhasbecomeapowerfulplatformforemergingmarketcountriesanddevelopingcountriestoconsolidatetheirconsensusandspeakoutasonevoice,",thismechanismcouldstillfunctionproperlyevenifthereweresomedisagreementsamongcertainmembers,andtheyalwayshonorthespiritofinclusiveness,opennessandmutualbenefit,"drawingasharpcontrasttosomecliquespursuedbysomecountriesthatarebasedonideologyandhegemony",,inflation,supplychaindisruptionsandimpulsestocounterglobalization,BRICSshouldstrengthenitscooperation,boostitsresilience,developemergingsectorsandcounterpolicyrisksbroughtbyothercountries,ank,buildupitsemergencyreserve,anddomoretobolsterdevelopingcountriesfinancialresilience."Also,thefivecountriesshouldworkevencloserincutting-edgeareassuchasthedigitaleconomyandAI-drivenproduction,joinhandstosecurethesafetyofproductionchainsandsupplychains,closelytrackglobalinflation,coordinatemacroeconomicpolicyandtacklepost-pandemicrecovery,",secretary-generaloftheWorldFinanceForumanddirectoroftheCenterforBRICSandGlobalGovernance,saidtheBRICSnationsshouldstriveforagreaterroleinglobalfinancialgovernancereformandseekmorevotingrightsandagreatersayinkeyinstitutionssuchastheInternationalMonetaryFund."ToavoidpossiblesanctionsimposedbysomeWesterncountriesandboosttheirimmunityagainstexternalrisks,theBRICSnationsshouldseekmorelocalcurrencyseystemtoboosttheircross-borderfinancing,investmentandtrade,",aneconomicsprofessorandexecutivedeanoftheBeltandRoadSchoolatBeijingNormalUniversity,saidfutureBRICScooperationshouldbeaimedatgreaterquality,anditshouldtaketheopportunitiesofferedbydigitaltechnologiesandtheFourthIndustrialRevolution."OnlyagreaterqualityoftheircooperationcouldmakeitpossibletoeffectivelyadvancetheUnitedNations2030SustainableDevelopmentAgendaandbettertranslateintorealitytheChina-proposedGlobalDevelopmentInitiative,",theFudanUniversityprofessor,saidtheBRICSnationscouldtaketheleadinpromptingdevelopedcountriestofulfilltheircommitmenttooffermorefunds,technologiesfordevelopingcountriesandfacilitatetheircapacitybuildups.

Areporterdoescloud-basedvideoeditingtoreportonthefourthsessionofthe13thNationalPeople’sCongressinBeijinginMarch,2021Photo:CFPThedevelopmentofcommunicatio’stechnologicalchangeconstantlychallengesthetheboundariesofjournalism,,deputydeanoftheSchoolofJournalismandCommunicationatTsinghuaUniversity,saidthatdigitalnewsproductiondrivenbyinternettechnologyisanimportantsubjectandmotivationforchangesin,andexplorationof,,itchangesthenewsproductionprocess,greatlyspeedsupinformationproductionanddissemination,andallowsaudiencestotrackthelatestinformationanytime,,withthewidespreaduseoftelevisioncommunicationtechnologyinthejournalismindustry,,aprofessorfromtheSchoolofMediaandCommunicationatShenzhenUniversity,said,andthe“audience”inthetraditionalsensehasbecomemoreactiveinnewsproduction,whichwilldefinitelybringaboutnewdevelopmentsindigitaljournalism’,journalismresearchershavetheresponsibilitytomakejournalismadiearchersfromeightcountriesusingtheDelphimethod[anin-depthsystematicqualitativemethodologythatconsistsofseveralroundsofwrittenquestionnaireswhichcollectexpertopinions],Changhighlightedf,“symbiosisoftechnologyandculture”asitsepistemologicalbasis,witscourseandinformationdemocracyasitsvaluegoal,digitaljournalismisanewparadigmforjournalism,w[theorganizationofnewswiththemostimportantinformationfirst]andthetumbledpyramid[whereinthenewsbuildsfromaleveloflessinformationtoincreasinglydeeperandvariedinformationlevelsonthetheme],Shiandhisteamproposeda“pyramid”structurebasedonsocialmedia[withintegratedmultimediareportingontopofthebaselayerofsocialmediareporting,andtraditionalmediareportsattheverytopofthestructure].Atthesametime,byanalyzingthelinkageeffectoftraditionalmediaandnewmedia,aswellasthatofdomesticandforeignpublicopinionfieldsshowcasedinsuccessfulmediareportsinChina,a“rippleeffect”modelofall-medianewsdisseminationisconstructed,withhopesofcreatingajourna’spracticeandformathaspromptedtheacademiccommunitytoreflectontheex,aprofessorfromtheSchoolofJournalismandCommunicationfromtheUniversityofChineseAcademyofSocialSciences,calledforthecorrecthandlingoftherelationshipbetweenglobalperspectivesandlocalacademicresearch,onthebasisofclarifyingresearchtraditions,soastopromotetheoreticaldeepeningandinnovation.“Oneofthecoreissuesishowtoreasonablyshareandusenews,”,therighttoknow,,itisnecessarytoresearchsuchtopicsasnewsbiasanddiscrimination,andtheuseofnews.“Futuredigitaljournalismwillconsistoffiveelements:platforms,algorithms,bigdata,alternativemedia,,andconstantlyreviewandpondertherelationshipbetweennewsdiscourseandtechnologyinthepracticeofglobaldigitaljournalism,”Shiconcluded.

BEIJING,(Xinhua)--TheplenumoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC),whichconcludedlastweek,wasntentirelyabouteconomicreformasexpected,withtheformationofanewnationalsecuritycommissionturningouttobeaneye-catchingpartofChinaresofcountriesallovertheworld,,theyarealldesignedtoincreasecoordinationandintegrationamongvariouswingsofnationalsecuritybureaucracy,splitbetweenpolice,military,,theboun,thecreationofthenationalsecuritycommissionisseenbymanyasa"requirementofthetimes,"astrategicimperativeaswellasasysteminnovationforcedbytheseveresecuritysituation,astheinternationalcommunityfacesanincreasinglycomplic,"thevarietyofpredictableandunpredictableriskshasbeenincreasingremarkably,andthesystemhasnotyetmettheneedsofsafeguardingnationalsecurity.""Establishinganationalsecuritycommissiontostrengthentheunifiedleadershipofthestatesecurityworkisanurgentneed,""shouldmaketerrorist,extremistsandseparatistsnervous,",thecommission,manifestingChinasinstitutionalinnovationratherthanchangesofitspolicy,aimstodefendChinas,whichhighlightsseekingcommonsecurityviamutualbenefitandwin-wincooperation,,mutualbenefit,,andthenewcommissionislikeaperformanceguaranteeforthestabilizerandwillinturnbringbenefitstothewholeworld."Giventhegrowingstakesthattherestofushaveinitsstability,"suggestedIanBremmer,presidentofEurasiaGroupIanBremmer,inthelatestissueofTheNationalInterest,"Chinasproblemswillbeourproblemstoo."IfChinacanbesafer,,thenewstructureofChinasnationalsecuritycommissionbodeswellforallthepeace-lovingpeopleinbothAsiaandtherestoftheworld.

Inrecentyears,themobileinternet,cloudcomputing,bigdata,artificialintelligence,blockchain,virtualsimulation,andotherdigitaltechnologieshaveemerged,creatinganewsocialspaceforpeople,’svisionforabettersociety,,,boundariesbetweenpublicandprivatecanbecatextofdigitalspace,whetherapublicandprivatederactionstoourlives,morevividvisualandaudioeffects,:whetherthismightunknowinglybuildwhatFrenchphilosopherMichelFoucaultcalledthe“panopticon”wherepeoplearecoercedintoahighlytransparentandsurveilledsociety,,somee-commerceplatformsconductbigdataanalysisonusers’browsingrecordsanddailyhabits,andthendevelopcustomizedprod,withoutauthorizationandpermission,evenusefacedetection,GPSpositioningandtracking,andotherfunctionstostealusers’,di,howcanweavoidtheerasureofboundariesbetweenpublicandprivateinthisspaceUndoubtedly,somearguethattighterregulationisthesolutiontothedigitalspace’sassaultonprivacy,,howcanweensurethatsupervisionpowerisentirelyinthehandsofthepeopleWillthesenseofsecuritycreatedbydigitalspacebeanalternative“braininavat,”aparadoxrais,manytech-giantshaveentereddigitalspace,,,whoeverholdsthedataholdstherighttospeak.“Datasupremacy”’slife,work,andstudyareallcontrolledbytechgiants,thenthepowerreprese,individualpowerisweakandmayshrinkevenfurther,,withfurtherperfectionofdigitalspace,thesituationwillbemanageable,hasbecomethefocusofdebate,,virt,theextensionand’,dedperiodoftime,theirphysicalandmentalhealthmaybethreatened,,humansareenslavedbymachines—thiswillnolongerbeamovieplot,“domainoffreedom”,,whetherthevaluesandorderofdigitalspacecaneffectty.

Withtherapiddevelopmentofinformationtechnologyinthe21stcentury,digitalplatf,,thesedigitalplatformsnotonlyserveastradingplatforms,suchasoperatingsystems,applicationshops,andonlinecommunities,butalsopenetratemanyindustries,includingaccommodation,tourism,entertainment,officework,localservices,healthcare,education,tenterprisesandplatforms,,platformmarketsareoftencharacterizedbywinner-takes-allapproaches,vennationalboundaries,platformsthatsurviveinthemarketgenerallyhaveamassivescaleofmultilateralusers,meaningthatintra-platf,therelationshipbetweenintra-platformoperatorsandconsumersdiffersfromthatoftraditionalmarketsintermsofthelocationwheretransactionstakeplace—encyandeffectofconsumersearches,,therebyreducing,isaformofunfaircompetitionwhichharmsconsumerinterests,underminesfaircompetitionintheplatformmarket,,someplatformsmaynotregulatethisbehavioroutoftheirownshort-terminterests,whichtoacertainextent,’trustintheplatformandunderminestheplatform’,therelationshipsamongoper,,operatorsmayachievecompetitiveadvantagesthroughintegrityandinnovation,butmayalsoengageinviolations,suchasinfringementofintellectualproperty,andhavethe,ifplatformsfailtocreateafairandequitablemarketplace,thenhonestandtru,’,administratorsorjudicialauthoritieshavelimitedenforcementresourcesandareobjectivelyunabletoidentifyanddealwithviolationsinatimelyandef(suchasabnormaltraffic)toinstantlydetect,andoccasionallyanticipate,possibleviolationsofthelawbyplatformoperators,,legallyspeaking,platformshavetheresponsibilitytodetectunfaircompetofplatforms,,thereisapotentialconflic,toalargeextent,ontheplatform’,,theconflictislesspronouncedandtheplatformsneedparticipationfromavastnumberofin-platformoperatorsinordertod,,“platformtaxes”rmmarket,byenteringtheplatformmarketwithhigherprofitmargins,sinordertoavoidmanipulation,suchasmulti-homing,buildingtheirownplatforms,developingofflinechannels,,includingtheallocationofdecision-makingpower,thedistributionofbenefitsintheplatformecosystem,,,theplatformeconomy’shealthydevelopmentalsorequiresth,,,platformsmayrelaxorevencircumventregulationwithintheplatform,,thehitchcarpoolingserviceofDidi[aride-hailingproviderinChina],platformac,theactionsofthepl“winnertakesall”,platforms’,incumbentplatformsmustpheindu,platformenterpriseshaveahugenumberofde,therefore,relymoreondemand-sidecapabilitiestoenterrelevantmarkets,whichexplainswhyplatformslikeMeituanareinvolvedinanumberofbusinessessuchastakeoutdelivery,movies,travel,andhotelbooking,,fects,,eveniftheyenterthemarketatalaterdate,canchallengetheincumbent’smarketpositionandevenbeatit,suchasGoogle’ssearchengineovertakingYahoo’,platformcompaniesneedtotakeintoaccounttheconstraints’sstrengths,,digitalplatformsoftenrelyondatageneratedinthevirtualworldtounderstandpeople’,whilethevirtualworldismappedontotherealworld,,althoughtheplatformownsuserdatawithintheirplatform,thedataofasingleplatformisstil,,therearerealissuesastowhethertheplatform’salgorithmsfairlyandappropriatelyreflecttheplatform’sgovernancerules,andwhethertheplatform’’sgovernancerulesrelyentirelyonalgorithmsforautomaticexecution,platformuserscancircumventtheplatform’,dataandalgorithmsareonlyinstrumentsforgovernance,ngUniversityofFinanceandEconomics.

Whole-processpeople’sdemocracyisnotonlyadistinctivefeatureofsocialistdemocraticpoliticswithChinesecharacteristics,butalsoacruci,theCPCCentralCommittee,withComradeXiJinpingatthecore,hasbeenconstantlydeepeningtheunderstandingofdemocraticpolitics,creativelyproposingthesignificantconceptofwhole-processpeople’tionofsocialistdemocraticpoliticsinmoredepthandwithgreatereffectivenessinthenewera,andensuresthatthepeople’sstatusasmastersofthecountryismanifestedintheParty’sgovernancepolicies,measures,’sPhilosophyofRight,Marxsaidthatitisnottheconstitutionthatcreatesthepeople,,theCPChasbeenupholdingdemocracyforthepeople,unswervinglystrivingforthepeople’,democracyisathreadwhichhasrunthroughthewholeprocessofrevolutions,construction,andreformsledbytheCPC,fromtheorytopractice,fromregionaltooverallpractices,fromavaluetoaninstitutionalform,andfrominstitutionstogovernancemechanisms,coveringalllinksofstategovernanceandreflectedineachandeveryaspectofChina’isagreatachievementintheconstructionofChinesesocialistdemocraticpoliticsandthefundamentalpremiseforfurtherdevelopingwhole-processpeople’,,withthepeopleatthecore,,thepeopleareth’ssovereigntyandimprovingtheirwellbeingtorealizetheiraspirationsforabetterlifehavebeenthebasisfort,thepeoplearet,theorganicintegrationofCPCleadership,thepeople’sstatusasmastersofthecountry,andlaw-basedgovernanceaimstowinandretainthepeople’ssupport,relyingonthepeople’spowerassubjectswholeheartedl,thepeople’sstatusasmasterso,“Democracyisnotanornamenttobeusedfordecoration;itistobeusedtosolvetheproblemsthatthepeoplewanttosolve.”ThecorevalueofsocialistdemocraticpoliticswithChinesecharacteristicsistoentitlethepeopletorealvotingrightsandextensiveparticipation,toensuretheirmorerobust,solid,andsustainablesenseoffulfillment,happiness,,particularlysincethereformandopeningup,theCPChasledthepeopletoformacompleteinstitutionalchainfordevelopingwhole-processpeople’’scongresses,ncyamongtheParty’spolicies,thepeople’saspirations,,thesystemofCPC-ledmulti-partycooperationandpoliticalconsultation,isthebasicpoliticalsystemofcontemporaryChina,whichfeaturesdemocraticconsultationthatcanpoolthepeople’swisdomandbuilddemocraticconsensusestorelizeequityandsolidarityamongallethnicgroupsthroughdemocraticchannelsandforms,andafundamentalchoiceofpathandbasicinstit,guidepeopleofallethnicgroupstoestablishthevisionofthenationalcommunitywithasharedfuture,onalarrangementtosafeguardthepeople’sextensivedemocraticrightsandbuildacommunityofsocialgovernanceforall,’sinitiativesandcreativityonthebasisoftheirwidedemocraticparticipation,improvethesocialgovernancesystembasedoncollaborationandbroadparticipationwiththegoaltobringbenefitstoall,continuouslystrengthentheirsenseofgain,happiness,andsecurity,andpromotethewel’sdemocracyincludeselectoraldemocracy,consultativedemocracy,socialdemocracy,primary-leveldemocracy,citizendemocracy,,democraticconsultation,democraticdecision-making,democraticmanagement,democraticoversight,acy,proceduraldemocracywithsubstantivedemocracy,directdemocracywithindirectdemocracy,andpeople’’scompleteinstitutionalchain,whichreflectstheessenceofthepeople’sdemocracy,ople’orms—electoraldemocracyandconsultativedemocracy—forthepeople’,,people’scongressesandgovernmentsofalllevelshavebeenbuilttoexercisetherighttorunthecountryonbehalfofthepeople,transformingthepeople’onalarrangementforthepeopletoexercisetheirrightsasmastersofthecountryandacrucialinstitutionalchanneltodevelopwhole-processpeople’,’sdemocracynotonlyentailscompleteelectoralprocedurestoensurefairnessandjusticeinelections,butalsonecessitatesamechanismofextensivedemocraticparticipation,inwhichdemocraticconsultationisleveragedtojointlytacklevariousrealisticproblemsofthepeople’,democraticmanagement,anddemocraticoversightregularlyandextensivelythroughdiverseinstitutionalizedconsultativeplatforms,cantheybemotivatedtoengageinstategov,electoraldemocracyandconsultativedemocracyarecomplementary,constitutingastronginstitutionalpowerforadvancingwhole-processpeople’aracteristicshasincreasinglydemonstratedtremendousvitalityandimpact,andshoweduniquefeaturesandadvantagesamdgovernancephilosophyandfirmlygraspsthetruemeaningofdemocracy—tobuildbroadconsensusesandachieveconvergenceofintereststostriveforthegreatrejuvenationoftheChinesenationtogether,whileguaranteeingthepeople’pects,diversepoliticalvalueappeals—toenjoymoreequitabledemocraticrightsandinterestsinthecountry’,theyexpectequalityintheprocess,anticipatingmoreequalopportunitiestoparticipateinpublicgovernanltothedevelopmentofwhole-processpeople’ole-processpeople’,uniquelyChinesedemocracyischaracterizedbythebroadesttoleranceofopinionsandsuggestionsfromallsides,andtheunificationofallpoliticalgroupsandsocialforcestoformthebroadestpatrioticunitedfront,toharmonizerelationsamongpoliticalparties,ethnicgroups,religions,socialstrata,andcompatriotsathomeandabroadandcreate“apoliticallandscape,whichintegratesconcentrationwithdemocracy,disciplinewithfreedom,andunifiedwillwitheaseofindividualmind,”asfirstdescribedbyChairmanMaoandlingoftherelationshipbetweenconsistenc’swhole-processpeople’sdemocracy,particularlyconsultativedemocracy,coversallpoliticalparties,people’sorganizations,ethnicgroups,socialstrata,sectors,andfields,provedforcefullythattheuniquefunctionandinstitutionaladvantageofconsultativedemocracyhaveendowedwhole-processpeople’University.

ManyplacesinChinahaveissuedayellowalertforhightemperatureinthepastweeks,,combinedwithresumptionofeconomicactivityafterthesporadicOmicronoutbreaks,havesignificantlyraisedthedemandforenergy,,Shanghaiselectrici,countriessuchasGermany,theUnitedKingdomandFrancehavebeenusingmoreandmorecoalt,Chinafacesse,relevantdepartmentsinChinahavestrengthenedoverallcoordinatio,($)wasrefundedto522,000enterprisesinsixmajorindustriesincludingthoseinvolvedinelectricity,heating,echanismforenergy,theNationalDevelopmentandReformCommissionhassetareasonablerangeformedium-andlong-termtransactionpricesforcoal(domesticsteamcoal).Andwiththecurbingofpricegougingactivitiesinthecoalsector,,thesupplyofcoal,thedominantsourceofenergyinChina,,,Chinahasthehighestinstalledcapacityofpowergenerationintheworld:,cleanenergypowergenerationachieveddouble-digitgrowthinMay,,,the"fromwesttoeastpowertransmission",Yunnanhasbecometheb,coalstorageinpowerplantsunderunifiedregulationacrossthecountryisatanall-timehigh,onandsupply,andsigning,powergenerationcompaniesshouldrunatfullcapacitywiththeoptimumnumberofemployeestoensurethermalpowergenerationishigherthaninnormalyears,whiletheauthoritiesneedtogeneratemorehydropower,windpowerandsolarpowerinordertoreducecoalconsumption,andoptimizetheoperationa,powergridsinmajorenergy-consumingprovinces,incooperationwithlocalgovernments,shouldestablishapowersupplycoordinationmechanism,stabilizethesupplyofthermalcoalandgas,alpo,thedocumentonacceleratingtheconstructionofaunifiednationalelectricitymarketsystemshouldbeimplementedtosafeguardenergysecurity,boosttheenergyeconomy,promotethesustainabledevelopmentofnewenergy,inenergyprices,,Chinashouldestablishapowermarketmechanismtoallocateresourcesonalargerscaleandimproveefficiencybylettingthemarketplayitsduerole,omicsandPolitics,ChineseAcademyofSocialSciences.

BEIJING,July23(Xinhua)--ByfosteringethnicunityandforgingastrongsenseofcommunityfortheChinesenation,peopleofall56ethnicgroups,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC),,aunifiedmultiethniccountry,istheresultofcollectiveeffortsbythepeopleofallethnicgroups,ongcourseofhistoricalevolution,developedinterdependently,andstoodtogetherinwealandwoe,formingthemodern,sRepublicofChina,particularlysincethebeginningofreformandopeningupin1978,,communicationandintegrationofvariousethnicgrosspecificrealities,theCPChasformulatedsoundandeffectiveethnictheoriesandpolicies,characterizedbyethnicequalityandunity,regionalethnicautonomy,,,allthe56ethnicgroupshaveshakenoffabssgovernancesystemisupholdingequalityamongallethnicgroups,thus,creatingastrongsenseofcommunityfosXinjiangUygurAutonomousRegion,forexample,peoplehaveaccomplishedhistoricdevelopmentachievements,andtheirsenseofprogress,,peopleofallethnicgroupsintheautonomousregion,closelyunitedliketheseedsofapomegranatethatsticktogether,areendeavoringtobuildXinjiangintoabeautifulplacethatisunited,harmoniousandprosperous,featuringprogressiveculture,pleasantlivingconditions,ure,therejuvenationoftheChinesenationisinevitable.

In2021,theNeolithicCityofShimaoinnorthwestChina’sShaanxiProvincewaslistedamongtheDecade’s10MostExtraordinaryDiscoveriesbyArchaeologymagazine,“Top10DiscoveriesoftheDecade,”“itwasoriginallythoughtthattheancientstonewallsvisibleontheedgeoftheMuUsDe,whenarchaeologistsexaminedthemintensively,,,excavatorsincludingZhouyongSunoftheShaanxiProvincialInstituteofArchaeologyhaveuncoveredastonecitywithimmensefortificationsandsophisticatedinfrastructure,thousandsofluxuriousartifacts,anda230-foot-highsteppedpyramidthatservedastheresidenceforShimao’’searlydateandperipherallocationweresurprisingsinceChinesecivilizationwasthoughttohavefirstdevelopedintheCentralPlainsaround500yearsafterShimao’sfounding.‘Thediscoveryreallypuzzledmeandotherarchaeologists,’saysSun.‘ords.’”TheNeolithicCityofShimaoislocatedonthesoutheasternedgeoftheMuUsDesertinGaojiabaoTown,ShenmuCity,,ShimaoisthelargestknowncitysitedatedtothelateLongshanPeriod(–2000BCE).Thesiteconsistsofthreeparts:theHuangChengTai(ImperialCityPlatform),theinnercity,,,suchasjade,pottery,murals,andstonecarvings,,[bothareplaceswheretheimmortalsliveinChineselegends],theShimaositeisthelargestamongmanywall,cultural,andpoliticaltransformation,witnessingtheformationoftheearliestcities,states,ventransformourunderstandingofthedevelopmentofearlycivilizationsandtheprocessofstateformationinChina.

Awebinarondigitalhumanitiestechnologyandhumanitiesrese,aprofessorfromtheSchoolofHumanitiesatZhejiangUniversity,enumerateddigitaltechnologyanalysistools,includingcrowdsourcingtechnology,mappingtechnology,textprocessingtechnology,imagetechnology,cloudtechnology,AItechnology,dataprocessingtechnology,ownobviouspracticalvalue,suchassortingaccordingtophoneticsequencesandstrokes,batchconvertingthetraditionalChinesechronologicalsystemstotheGregorianCalendarandverifyingtheconversion’saccuracy,processingoldandnewcharacterpatternsandtraditionalandsimplifiedChinesecharacters,,alecturerfromtheCollegeofLiberalArtsatAnhuiUniversity,referredtothefunctionofimageandfull-textdigitizationincompilingscattereddocumentsaboutTangGao,whowasrankedfirstclassinanimperialcourtexaminationintheMingDynasty(1368–1644).TangChenretrievedthewidelydispersedTangGao-relatedliteraturefromadatabaseofbasicancientChinesebooks,atreasuryoftraditionalChineselearning,,heaccumulatedTaoGao’,anassociateprofessorfromtheSchoolofHumanitiesatChinaUniversityofPoliticalScienceandLaw,saidthatinthisprocess,researchisnolongeracompletelyindividualexistence,,aprofessorfromtheSchoolofHistoryandCultureatLuoyangNormalUniversity,isengagedintheteachingandresearchofthehistoryofsinology,thehistoryoftheQingDynasty(1644–1911),thehistoryofChina-foreignculturalexchanges,’sview,digitalresourcesareconducivetounderstandingacademictrendsandhistorymorequickly,andmoreconvenientdatacollectionandcompilation,suchasfasterandmoreaccuratetextualresearchofsinologists’orscholars’lives,interpersonalrelations,,TangChenmentionedtheconceptof“distantreading.”AsItalianliterarytheoristFrancoMorettipointedout,traditional“closereading”approachesveryfewtextswithextremeseriousness;assuch,,“distantreading”isamust,whichcanfocusonunitsmuchsmallerorlargerthanthetext,suchasphrasesandliterarygenrerecognition,sentencesandstyle,“distantreading”indigitalhumanities,,,aprofessorfromtheSchoolofHumanitiesatTsinghuaUniversity,andYinXiaolin,aresearchfellowfromtheResearchCenterofChinesePoetryatCapitalNormalUniversity,drewinterestingconclusionsastheyusedthestatisticsofcharacterfrequencyandphrasefrequencytoconfirmtheconceptualtopicsof“thedivisionofarticlesintoverseandprose”and“thedistinctionsbetweenTang(618–907)andSong(960–1279)poems.”Forexample,“曰”[tospeakortell,acharacterbelongingtoclassicalwritingstyles],whichappearsfrequentlyinRomanceoftheThreeKingdomsandStrangeStoriesfromaChineseStudio,isreplacedby“道”,functionwordssuchas“了”and“的”,SunMaosong,aprofessorfromtheDepartmentofComputerScienceandTechnologyatTsinghuaUniversity,andhisteamreleased“Jiuge,”anartificialintelligencepoetrywritingsystem,ogyus,academiaispayinggrowingatt’s“innovationteamofbigdataandacademicmaps”andtheestablishmentofthe“AcademicMapPublishingPlatform.”TangChenandhisteamjointlydevelopedKuizhanggeasanavigationsystemforCetrendintheeraofbigdata,,whetheritisthedigitizationofpaperdocuments,orthestructuralizationandintellectualizationoftextdata,,theconstructionofdigitalinfrastructureandbigdataisrequiredtolayasoliddisciplinaryfoundation.

InhisspeechdeliveredattheLeadersSummitonClimateonApril22thisyear,ChinesePresidentXiJinpingpointedoutthattheintern,andworktogethertofosteracommunityoflifeformanandnature,,theconceptofacommunityoflifeformanandnatureclearlydirectsacooperativepathforcountriemeanimportantpr,impactedbymultiplefactors,,asseriousimbalanceexistsbetweendevelopedcountriesanddevelopingc,developedcountrieslackinitiativetoparticipateinglobalenvironmentalgovernance,evadingtheirduehistoricalresponsibilitywhileaskingdevelopingco’dualburdensineconomicandenvironmentalsectors,globalenvironmentalgovernancemechanismsrequiredevelopedcountr,internation,theinternationalcommunityhassetupaseriesofenvironmentalprotectionorganizationsandformulateddozen,thebindingeffectsoforganizationsandtreatiesaredisregardedbysomedevelopedcountries,whichsoexistenceofmanandnature,whichadvocatesfortheinternationalco,economic,,countriesshouldrespecteachother’sdevelopmentmodesandsocialsystems,expandingconsensyofChina(CPC),Chinahasmaderemarkable,globallycelebrated,edguidingprinc,eachcountrycanchoosethemodethatfitstheundaries,asmodernscienceandtechnologydevelop,no,Chinash,2020,ChinesePresidentXiJinpingannouncedinthe75thSessionoftheUnitedNationsGeneralAssemblythatChinaaimstohav,whichaddressesstructuralimbalances,differeuntries,foralongtime,,onewayfortheinternationalcommunitytoaddressthisproblemistoimprovetheglobalenvironmentalgovernancesystemandcoordinatedifferencesbetweeninterestsandresourceallocationbysystematicallyenhancingeachcountry’scomprehensivegovernancecapabilities,andtheotherwayistourgedevelopedcountriestotakedevelopingcountries’rationalcon,developedcountriesshouldoffernecessaryaidandguidanceto,globalenvironmentalgovernancemechanismsshouldbemademorebinding,andgovernancesystemsshouldbedirectedinamorerationalandjustifiablewaybydeepeningtheconsensuson“commonbutdifferentiatedresponsibility.”Theeffectofinternationaltreatiessuchast,itisnecessarytoformulateafeasibleandpracticalresponsibilityallocationsystemtobreakmonopolypatterlRelationsandNationalAcademyofDevelopmentandStrategyatRenminUniversityofChina.

Inthepasthalfacentury,quantitativeresearchinsociologyhasdevelopedinaremarkableway,andithasmadeimportantc,withfurthermaturationofhouseholdsurveysandimproveddataofextensivelyconductedsample-surveys,ithasbecomethemainstreamsociologicalresearchmod,thismodehasimperceptiblyweakenedresearchers’capacitytofocusonphenomen,researchersareincreasinglydependentonthis“microperspective”,,families,orenterprises,andusesdataonindividuallevels,whilegroupstudiesfocusesonregionsorcollectiveteamstoanalyze,individualresearchaddressesmacro-structuralfactors,andhowtheyaffectindividualoutcomes,whilegroupstudiesconsidersrationalornon-rationalactionsofindividualsasthepremise,andemintosociology—forexample,narrowedvision,ecomeincreasinglyrefinedoverthepastdecade,thegrandperspectivethatsociologicalscholarsshouldmaintainhasgraduallybeenlost,sociologyinthe1980s,quantitativeresearchhasgraduallybecomeacorecomponentofChinesesociology,andhasledChinaininte,itsdevelopmentpathhasstilologyintoChinesesociology,andquantitativeresearch’yChina,andlacksexplorationofChinesesocietyinhistory,,empiricalresearchinChinainthepastmainlyfocusedontradi,someconceptsfromsociologicalresearch—suchassocialstratification,transnationalmigration,educationalreward,andwomen’srights—aremostlyrootedinan,manyissuesthatshouldbesolvedregardingChina’ssocialgovernancehav,alargecountrywithavastterritoryandmultiplelevelsofgovernance,macrosocialresearchadaptsbettertoChina’scurrentpractices,eymacroindicatorsfrommassivedatatroves,vingnationalstrategy,macroquantitativesociologyisaunifiedformofstudywhichintegratestheory,data,,,relyingondatathatspansalongperiodoftimeandspace,canbreaterialssothatnewconcepts,viewpoints,,internationalacademicjournals,andincreasingqualityofwork,researchresultspresentingChineelyChinesesociologicaltheoreticalsystemwithnewperspectives,newobservations,versity.

FILEPHOTO:ApageoftheGongyangCommentaryonSpringandAutumnAnnalsannotatedbyHeXiu(129–182),aConfucianscholarfromtheHanDynastyInthevastspanofChinesehistory,theHanDynasty(206BCE–220CE)witnessedtheestablishmentofthefoundationofavisionfor“GreatUnity”(dayitong).AsoneofthegoldenagesinancientChina,theHanfosteredanationalandculturalspiritthathadfar-reachingiation,itiscrucialtoabsorbanddrawupontheessenceofHanErathought.‘Three-AgeTheory’AccordingtoConfucianismintheHanDynasty,orHanConfucianism,ChinahadbeenmiredinpoliticalchaosandsocialanomysincethelateyearsoftheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770–476BCE),andtheturmoilpeakedintheQinDynasty(221–207BCE).Duringthistumultuoussituation,theprimarytaskwasnaturallyto“bringorderoutofchaos”(boluanfanzheng).Mencius(Mengzi)highlypraisedConfucius’scontributiontotamingchaosthroughthecompilationoftheSpringandAutumnAnnals(Chunqiu).AshesaidinMengzi,“Informertimes,Yurepressedthevastwatersoftheinundation,’sachievementsextendedeventothebarbaroustribesoftheEastandNorth,andhedroveawayallferociousanimals,‘SpringandAutumn,’andrebelliousministersandvillainoussonswerestruckwithterror.”ThecommitmenttosettingthingsrightandrestoringorderwaslaterinheritedbyscholarsoftheGongyangSchool,whichspecializedinresearchingtheGongyangCommentaryoftheSpringandAutumnAnnals(ChunqiuGongyangZhuan)writtenbyGongyangGao,adiscipleofConfucius’,HeXiu,anardentdefenderoftheGongyangSchoolintheEasternHanDynasty(25–220),furtherproposedthefamous“Three-AgeTheory”(sanshishuo),whichelevatedtheConfucianpoliticalidea’stheory,historymovesthroughthreegreatages:theageofdisorder(juluanshi),theageofapproachingpeace(shengpingshi),andtheageofuniversalpeace(taipingshi).HeXiu’ssummary,elevation,andextractionweredivorcedfromspecifichistoricalfactsandinsteadinvestigatedthegenerallawsandultimateobjectivesofhistoricaldevelopment,reflectingthegoalofeliminatingchaosandrestoringordermointhedynasty,,everygreatageisguidedbyasetofscientificandsystematicth,Chinaisonthegreatcoursefromstandinguptogettingrich,whocontinuetosummarizethenation’shistoricdevelopmentpathanddiligentlyexplorehumankind’isticshasnotonlychartedabrightcourseforthegreatrejuvenationoftheChinesenation,buta“interactionbetweenhumansandheaven”(tianrenganying),however,,“heaven,”inthistheory,oughtleaderssincethepre-QinPeriod(priorto221BCE);itcarriedaseriesofpolitical,moral,,humans,orthepeople,arepredominant,,allrealisticp(HanShu),sovereignswereinstitutedtogovernthepeople,buttheterritorywasnotdelimitedforthesonofheaven(tianzi,theemperor)tocontrol,norwastheenfeoffmentsystemimplementedforvassalstoobtainland;,popularwillwastheintentionofheaven(tianyi),sovaluingandprovidingforthepeoplewasthebasisfortherulertoundertakethemandateofheaven(tianming).Onthepremiseofthispoliticalethos,HanDynastyphilosopherandpoliticianDongZhongshubelievedthatheavendidnotcreatepeopleformonarchstorule;,heavenwouldbestowthepeopletohiscare,butifhewasevilandharmedthepeople,,auspi’’swillinthemortalworld,auspicioussignsandcalamitiesrequiredthemonarchtocontinuallyreflectuponhispo,withemphasislaidontheruler’interactiontheoryisvastlydifferentfromtoday’speople-centeredgovernancephilosophy,upheldbytheCPCintermsofpractice,“heaven.”GreatUnity“GreatUnity”,meaning“big”or“great.”InthediscoursesystemoftheGongyangSchool,itwasusedasaverbtomean“promote,”,,“barbaric”tribessurroundingancientChinainfourdirections,andHuaxia(Zhuxia),theancestorsofwhatlaterbecametheHanethnicgroup,y,thesegroupsweresupposedtobeharmoniousregardingculturalmentalitiesandpoliticalthought.[TheChinesetermSiyireferstoeasternbarbarians(dongyi),westernbarbarians(xirong),southernbarbarians(nanman),andnorthernbarbarians(beidi).]InthetraditionalChineseculturalcontext,,ConfuciusproposedleveragingtheHuaxiaculturetoinfluenceoutsidersandalignthemwithHuaxiastandards,therebyactualizingtheidealof“GreatUnityofAllUnderHeaven”(tianxiadatong).IntheHanDynasty,,peopleagreedthatthedistinctionbetweentheChineseandnon-Chineseculturesshouldbebasedonproprietyandmorality,notonkinshipandrace,norongeographicalterritory,equality,treatingallpeople“underheaven”gicforpeitymappedoutbySimaQianintheRecordsoftheGrandHistorian,orShiji,“ageofuniversalpeace”,theawarenesso,“allunderheaven”,theultimateculturalaspirationofHanConfucianismwastocreateaharmonioussocietyfeaturing“GreatUnityofAllUnderHeaven.”HighlyvaluingtheequalitybetweenChineseandnon-Chinesecultures,thistheorybuttressedtheformationoftheworld-famousSilkRoad,whichchanneledexchangesbetweenAsianandEuropeancivilizations,thusacceleratingtherenewalofthecivilizationsandinreturnfurthe,Chinesecivilizationgrewandexpandedexactlyamidconstan,Chinastillneedstoanchoritselfonequality-basedinternationalcommunication,ion,,establishedduringthisperiod,embodiedprofUniversity.

Withtherapiddevelopmentofinformationtechnologyinthe21stcentury,digitalplatf,,thesedigitalplatformsnotonlyserveastradingplatforms,suchasoperatingsystems,applicationshops,andonlinecommunities,butalsopenetratemanyindustries,includingaccommodation,tourism,entertainment,officework,localservices,healthcare,education,tenterprisesandplatforms,,platformmarketsareoftencharacterizedbywinner-takes-allapproaches,vennationalboundaries,platformsthatsurviveinthemarketgenerallyhaveamassivescaleofmultilateralusers,meaningthatintra-platf,therelationshipbetweenintra-platformoperatorsandconsumersdiffersfromthatoftraditionalmarketsintermsofthelocationwheretransactionstakeplace—encyandeffectofconsumersearches,,therebyreducing,isaformofunfaircompetitionwhichharmsconsumerinterests,underminesfaircompetitionintheplatformmarket,,someplatformsmaynotregulatethisbehavioroutoftheirownshort-terminterests,whichtoacertainextent,’trustintheplatformandunderminestheplatform’,therelationshipsamongoper,,operatorsmayachievecompetitiveadvantagesthroughintegrityandinnovation,butmayalsoengageinviolations,suchasinfringementofintellectualproperty,andhavethe,ifplatformsfailtocreateafairandequitablemarketplace,thenhonestandtru,’,administratorsorjudicialauthoritieshavelimitedenforcementresourcesandareobjectivelyunabletoidentifyanddealwithviolationsinatimelyandef(suchasabnormaltraffic)toinstantlydetect,andoccasionallyanticipate,possibleviolationsofthelawbyplatformoperators,,legallyspeaking,platformshavetheresponsibilitytodetectunfaircompetofplatforms,,thereisapotentialconflic,toalargeextent,ontheplatform’,,theconflictislesspronouncedandtheplatformsneedparticipationfromavastnumberofin-platformoperatorsinordertod,,“platformtaxes”rmmarket,byenteringtheplatformmarketwithhigherprofitmargins,sinordertoavoidmanipulation,suchasmulti-homing,buildingtheirownplatforms,developingofflinechannels,,includingtheallocationofdecision-makingpower,thedistributionofbenefitsintheplatformecosystem,,,theplatformeconomy’shealthydevelopmentalsorequiresth,,,platformsmayrelaxorevencircumventregulationwithintheplatform,,thehitchcarpoolingserviceofDidi[aride-hailingproviderinChina],platformac,theactionsofthepl“winnertakesall”,platforms’,incumbentplatformsmustpheindu,platformenterpriseshaveahugenumberofde,therefore,relymoreondemand-sidecapabilitiestoenterrelevantmarkets,whichexplainswhyplatformslikeMeituanareinvolvedinanumberofbusinessessuchastakeoutdelivery,movies,travel,andhotelbooking,,fects,,eveniftheyenterthemarketatalaterdate,canchallengetheincumbent’smarketpositionandevenbeatit,suchasGoogle’ssearchengineovertakingYahoo’,platformcompaniesneedtotakeintoaccounttheconstraints’sstrengths,,digitalplatformsoftenrelyondatageneratedinthevirtualworldtounderstandpeople’,whilethevirtualworldismappedontotherealworld,,althoughtheplatformownsuserdatawithintheirplatform,thedataofasingleplatformisstil,,therearerealissuesastowhethertheplatform’salgorithmsfairlyandappropriatelyreflecttheplatform’sgovernancerules,andwhethertheplatform’’sgovernancerulesrelyentirelyonalgorithmsforautomaticexecution,platformuserscancircumventtheplatform’,dataandalgorithmsareonlyinstrumentsforgovernance,ngUniversityofFinanceandEconomics.

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TopromotetheexchangesofMarxisttheoryamongChina,ItalyandSwitzerland,aninternationalsymposiumwasheldonJuly24withtheattendanceofover20expertsandscholarsfromChina,Italy,ences,theItalian21stCenturyAssociationofMarxistPoliticsandCulture,andtheSwissmagazine"NewPolitics",theeventaimedtodeepentheunderstandingofItalianandSwissMarxistpartymembersandscholarswithXiJinpings"ThoughtsonSocialismwithChineseCharacteristicsforaNewEra",,SecretaryofthePartycommitteeandvicepresidentoftheAcademyofMarxismattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatthewhole-processofpeoplesdemocracyshouldbeunwaveringlyproceeded,andtheprincipleofrunningthecountrybythepeopleshouldbeconcretelyvisualizedthroughthePartysgovernanceaswellastherealizationofpeople,generalsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofItaly(PartitoComunista),undertheleadershipofCPC,Chinahascreatedthetwomiraclesofrapideconomicdevelopmentandlong-termsocialstabilityoverthepastyears,directoroftheInstituteofContemporaryPhilosophyandHistoryintheItalian-speakingareaofSwitzerland,saidthatinthefaceofaperiodofuncertaintyandchange,Chinasupholdingtruemultilateralismservesnotonlythecommoninterestsoftheinternationalcommunity,butacommonprosperityintheworld.

神吐槽!985院校也有“差评” 最后一个... 23考研初试时间提前?考研大纲即将发布! 重要!这些院校专业不接受跨 考生! 读研三年和工作三年 哪个更值? 最容易「被误解」的13个专业 我躺枪了! 这些双非院校 实力和排名非常抢眼!
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  • 直播时间:2022年08月11日 18:30
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Whole-processpeople’sdemocracyisnotonlyadistinctivefeatureofsocialistdemocraticpoliticswithChinesecharacteristics,butalsoacruci,theCPCCentralCommittee,withComradeXiJinpingatthecore,hasbeenconstantlydeepeningtheunderstandingofdemocraticpolitics,creativelyproposingthesignificantconceptofwhole-processpeople’tionofsocialistdemocraticpoliticsinmoredepthandwithgreatereffectivenessinthenewera,andensuresthatthepeople’sstatusasmastersofthecountryismanifestedintheParty’sgovernancepolicies,measures,’sPhilosophyofRight,Marxsaidthatitisnottheconstitutionthatcreatesthepeople,,theCPChasbeenupholdingdemocracyforthepeople,unswervinglystrivingforthepeople’,democracyisathreadwhichhasrunthroughthewholeprocessofrevolutions,construction,andreformsledbytheCPC,fromtheorytopractice,fromregionaltooverallpractices,fromavaluetoaninstitutionalform,andfrominstitutionstogovernancemechanisms,coveringalllinksofstategovernanceandreflectedineachandeveryaspectofChina’isagreatachievementintheconstructionofChinesesocialistdemocraticpoliticsandthefundamentalpremiseforfurtherdevelopingwhole-processpeople’,,withthepeopleatthecore,,thepeopleareth’ssovereigntyandimprovingtheirwellbeingtorealizetheiraspirationsforabetterlifehavebeenthebasisfort,thepeoplearet,theorganicintegrationofCPCleadership,thepeople’sstatusasmastersofthecountry,andlaw-basedgovernanceaimstowinandretainthepeople’ssupport,relyingonthepeople’spowerassubjectswholeheartedl,thepeople’sstatusasmasterso,“Democracyisnotanornamenttobeusedfordecoration;itistobeusedtosolvetheproblemsthatthepeoplewanttosolve.”ThecorevalueofsocialistdemocraticpoliticswithChinesecharacteristicsistoentitlethepeopletorealvotingrightsandextensiveparticipation,toensuretheirmorerobust,solid,andsustainablesenseoffulfillment,happiness,,particularlysincethereformandopeningup,theCPChasledthepeopletoformacompleteinstitutionalchainfordevelopingwhole-processpeople’’scongresses,ncyamongtheParty’spolicies,thepeople’saspirations,,thesystemofCPC-ledmulti-partycooperationandpoliticalconsultation,isthebasicpoliticalsystemofcontemporaryChina,whichfeaturesdemocraticconsultationthatcanpoolthepeople’swisdomandbuilddemocraticconsensusestorelizeequityandsolidarityamongallethnicgroupsthroughdemocraticchannelsandforms,andafundamentalchoiceofpathandbasicinstit,guidepeopleofallethnicgroupstoestablishthevisionofthenationalcommunitywithasharedfuture,onalarrangementtosafeguardthepeople’sextensivedemocraticrightsandbuildacommunityofsocialgovernanceforall,’sinitiativesandcreativityonthebasisoftheirwidedemocraticparticipation,improvethesocialgovernancesystembasedoncollaborationandbroadparticipationwiththegoaltobringbenefitstoall,continuouslystrengthentheirsenseofgain,happiness,andsecurity,andpromotethewel’sdemocracyincludeselectoraldemocracy,consultativedemocracy,socialdemocracy,primary-leveldemocracy,citizendemocracy,,democraticconsultation,democraticdecision-making,democraticmanagement,democraticoversight,acy,proceduraldemocracywithsubstantivedemocracy,directdemocracywithindirectdemocracy,andpeople’’scompleteinstitutionalchain,whichreflectstheessenceofthepeople’sdemocracy,ople’orms—electoraldemocracyandconsultativedemocracy—forthepeople’,,people’scongressesandgovernmentsofalllevelshavebeenbuilttoexercisetherighttorunthecountryonbehalfofthepeople,transformingthepeople’onalarrangementforthepeopletoexercisetheirrightsasmastersofthecountryandacrucialinstitutionalchanneltodevelopwhole-processpeople’,’sdemocracynotonlyentailscompleteelectoralprocedurestoensurefairnessandjusticeinelections,butalsonecessitatesamechanismofextensivedemocraticparticipation,inwhichdemocraticconsultationisleveragedtojointlytacklevariousrealisticproblemsofthepeople’,democraticmanagement,anddemocraticoversightregularlyandextensivelythroughdiverseinstitutionalizedconsultativeplatforms,cantheybemotivatedtoengageinstategov,electoraldemocracyandconsultativedemocracyarecomplementary,constitutingastronginstitutionalpowerforadvancingwhole-processpeople’aracteristicshasincreasinglydemonstratedtremendousvitalityandimpact,andshoweduniquefeaturesandadvantagesamdgovernancephilosophyandfirmlygraspsthetruemeaningofdemocracy—tobuildbroadconsensusesandachieveconvergenceofintereststostriveforthegreatrejuvenationoftheChinesenationtogether,whileguaranteeingthepeople’pects,diversepoliticalvalueappeals—toenjoymoreequitabledemocraticrightsandinterestsinthecountry’,theyexpectequalityintheprocess,anticipatingmoreequalopportunitiestoparticipateinpublicgovernanltothedevelopmentofwhole-processpeople’ole-processpeople’,uniquelyChinesedemocracyischaracterizedbythebroadesttoleranceofopinionsandsuggestionsfromallsides,andtheunificationofallpoliticalgroupsandsocialforcestoformthebroadestpatrioticunitedfront,toharmonizerelationsamongpoliticalparties,ethnicgroups,religions,socialstrata,andcompatriotsathomeandabroadandcreate“apoliticallandscape,whichintegratesconcentrationwithdemocracy,disciplinewithfreedom,andunifiedwillwitheaseofindividualmind,”asfirstdescribedbyChairmanMaoandlingoftherelationshipbetweenconsistenc’swhole-processpeople’sdemocracy,particularlyconsultativedemocracy,coversallpoliticalparties,people’sorganizations,ethnicgroups,socialstrata,sectors,andfields,provedforcefullythattheuniquefunctionandinstitutionaladvantageofconsultativedemocracyhaveendowedwhole-processpeople’University.

    PhotoshowsrockpaintingsfrompartofZuojiangHuashanRockArtCulturalLandscape,aUNESCOWorldHeritagesiteinsouthwestChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,inNingmingcounty,Chongzuocity,Guangxi.(Photo/CourtesyoftheculturalheritagemanagementcenterofChongzuocity)TheZuojiangHuashanRockArtCulturalLandscape,aUNESCOWorldHeritagesiteinsouthwestChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,consistsof38sitesofrockartillustratingsacrificialactivitiesthatdatebackmorethan2,’sWorldHeritageListonJuly15,2016,theZuojiangHuashanRockArtCulturalLandscapehasbeendubbeda“wordlessheavenlybook”and“culturaltreasureoftheZhuangethnicgroup”.Therockartpaintedonsteepcliffsinthe38sites,whicharemainlylocatedinNingmingcounty,Fusuicounty,Longzhoucounty,Jiangzhoudistrict,andotherareasofChongzuocity,Guangxi,containelementssuchassquattinghumanfigureswithoutstretchedarms,bronzedrums,dogs,andbirds.

BEIJING,ytheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)lastweekwilleaseandeffectivelycontrollocalgovernmentsdebtrisks,,viceheadoftheofficeofthecentraleconomicandfinancialleadinggroup,saidatabriefingheldbytheStateCouncilInformationOffice(SCIO)thatthedocumentreleasedaftertheThirdPlenarySessionofthe18thCPCCentralCommitteewillunleash"unprecedented"tfinancingchannelsthatcouldhelptacklelocalgovernment,thesystemoflocaltaxationwillbeimproved,amovetosecurefundsneededforregionalpublicservicesandotherlocalgovernmentaffairs,rectliabilities,onforurbaninfrastructureandhousing,tandoperation,aboonforlocalgovernmentswithheavyfundingburdens,,Yangstressedthatthelandreformwillinsistonafewbottomlines,suchasthec(about120millionhectares).Yangalsoclarifiedreformplansconcerningstate-ownedenterprises,the"hukou"system,orthehouseholdregistrationsystem,Otoclarifyandexpoundthe60-pointkeyCPCdocument.

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    :ZhuGaolei/CSSTUnderthetheme“StrategicOptimizationofNew-TypeUrbanization:Smart,Ecological,andHumanistic,”the2021annua,urbanplanning,urbangovernance,industrialsystems,andgreendevelopmentintheprocessofChina’’sconferencewasjointlyhostedbytheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences(CASS),theChineseAcademyofSciences(CAS),andtheChineseAcademyofEngineering(CAE).CASSPresidentXieFuzhanpointedoutthaturbanizationisthenecessarypathtomodernization.“Itisnecessarytodeeplyunderstandthelawofurbanizationdevelopmentinourcountry,optimizethestrategyfornew-typeurbanization,andpromotethehigh-qualitydevelopmentofurbanization,”,medium-sized,,safer,chnologyinthefieldsoflifesciences,informationtechnology,andartificialintelligencehasnotonlygreatlycontributedtosocialprogress,butalsobroughtaboutsuchissuesasscientificandtechnologicalethics,,theCOVID-19pandemicsweepingtheworldhasmadeusmoredeeplyawarethattheprocessofurbandevelopmentandprogressisalsoaprocessofcopingwithunpredictablepotentialrisksandchallenges.“Thiskindofseriouschallengefacingallmankindhasbecomethetouchstoneofscienceandtechnology,allowingustoseeboththepowerandthelimitationsofscienceandtechnology,”civilizationdevelopment,,suchasbigdataandcloudcomputing,toestablishavisualandmeasurablecitymanagementandoperationsystemonthebasisofcomprehensivedigitizationofthecity,,itshouldberecognizedthatthecoredrivingforceforthetransformationandupgradingoftheurbande,Linotedthatthehumanisticcity,humanisticgovernance,,chiefexpertoftheCASSNationalHigh-EndThinkTank,saidthatanewtypeofpeople-orientedurbanizationcanincreasegrowthpotentialbyincreasingnon-agriculturallabor,andboostconsumptiondemandbyincreasingtheregisteredurbanpopulation,therebyhelpingmaintainrableincomeinthetotaldisposableincomeofthewholesociety,,itcanenhanceresidents’incomeandwealth,andpromoteequitableaccesstobasicpublicservicesthroughtertiarydistribution,tyandexpandmiddle-incomegroups.“Itcanbesaidthatthenew-typeurbanizationisarewardingreformandanimportantwayforhigh-qualitydevelopmenttopromotecommonprosperity,”Caiconcluded.

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Asaglobalissue,,thehigh-carbongrowthmodel—basedonfossilenergy—hasgreatlychangedtweenhumanproductionandtheclimate,itiswidelyacceptedasaglobalconsensusthathumansneedtotaketheiniti“dualcarbon”(carbonpeakingandcarbonneutrality)goalssetbyChinademonstrates,however,determinedbythecountry’snaturalenvironment,,theextenttowhichChinaisaffectedbyclimatechanges,especiallyextremeweather,,℃every10yearsonaverage,,extremeweatherandclimateeventssuchashightemperatures,heatwaves,cryogenicfreezing,drought,heavyprecipitation,flood,typhoon,’sfoodsecurity,ecologicalenvironment,majorprojectimplementation,,hygiene,health,andothersectors.“Dualcarbon”goalsnotonlyconcerneconomicdevelopment,,fossilenergyaccountsforarelativelyhighproportioninChina’senergystructure,andoilandnaturalgas’,itiscrucialthatweoptimizetheenergystructureandaccelerateanandnaturecanonlybeachievedifwepurs,morethan50countrieshavereachedthepeakofcarbonemissions,,economicgrowthandcarbonemissionscanbedecoupled,,,carbonemissionscannolongerinc,carbonpeakingsymbolizesthetransitionfromolddrivingforcestonewones,and,unwaveringeffortsareneeded,,itmeansfosteringgreentransformationwhiledevelopingth,toachievethe“dualcarbon”goals,thekeyistograduallyreplaceoldtraditionaltechnologywithneogicalcivilization,andfromaneraoffossilenergytoaneraofnewenergy,the“doublecarbon”,aslongasweraisetheproportionoflow-carbonandzero-carbonenergy,andutilizeadvantagesinsuchsectorsasphotovoltaicpowergeneration,new-energyvehicles,anddigitaltechnology,wecanseizetheopportunitytoaccomalKnowledgeonDevelopmentaffiliatedwiththeDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil.

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BEIJING,ytheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)lastweekwilleaseandeffectivelycontrollocalgovernmentsdebtrisks,,viceheadoftheofficeofthecentraleconomicandfinancialleadinggroup,saidatabriefingheldbytheStateCouncilInformationOffice(SCIO)thatthedocumentreleasedaftertheThirdPlenarySessionofthe18thCPCCentralCommitteewillunleash"unprecedented"tfinancingchannelsthatcouldhelptacklelocalgovernment,thesystemoflocaltaxationwillbeimproved,amovetosecurefundsneededforregionalpublicservicesandotherlocalgovernmentaffairs,rectliabilities,onforurbaninfrastructureandhousing,tandoperation,aboonforlocalgovernmentswithheavyfundingburdens,,Yangstressedthatthelandreformwillinsistonafewbottomlines,suchasthec(about120millionhectares).Yangalsoclarifiedreformplansconcerningstate-ownedenterprises,the"hukou"system,orthehouseholdregistrationsystem,Otoclarifyandexpoundthe60-pointkeyCPCdocument.